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Questions tagged [noise]

For questions about creating or working with noise functions (in 1D, 2D, 3D or more).

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Does MRG32k3a compare well with PCG and Xorshift256*?

I've been using standard 32-bit Xorshift in my GPU path-tracer for a while, following Nathan Reed's approach with hashed seeds and decorrelated state. I (finally) discovered today that Xorshift is ...
2
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1answer
62 views

What noises can be sliced?

A well-known property of Perlin noise (with FBM) is that if you take a slice of it, the result is still Perlin noise. So, by taking successive slices of 4D noise, you get smoothly shifting 3D noise, ...
0
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1answer
146 views

Procedural terrain: What's the best approach to calculate noise in the GPU?

A few years ago I started creating a procedural planet engine/renderer for a game in Unity, which after a couple of years I had to stop developing due to lack of time. At the time i didn't know too ...
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0answers
27 views

Spherical Kernel Equation in Perlin's Simplex Noise

In perlin's simplex noise paper (https://www.csee.umbc.edu/~olano/s2002c36/ch02.pdf), it's mentioned in page 2-17, that : ...
2
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2answers
121 views

ScratchAPixel : Understanding how to use Perlin's permutations hash table

Consider this course : https://www.scratchapixel.com/lessons/procedural-generation-virtual-worlds/procedural-patterns-noise-part-1/creating-simple-2D-noise . In sub-part Introducing the Concept of ...
4
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2answers
364 views

What is the basic idea of denoising?

When doing random sampling, you can get noisy results if you don't use enough samples like in the shadows below. I know that if you use high frequency noise (aka blue noise), the noise pattern can be ...
3
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1answer
141 views

What might be causing these artifacts in 5D & 6D simplex noise?

I've been working on writing functions for 5 and 6 dimensional simplex noise, working off FastNoise's 4D function as a base. 2D, 3D and 4D noise all follow a very similar and recognizable pattern ...
3
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0answers
94 views

unwanted patterns in simplex noise

I want to create a "river biome" where there are rivers cutting to a flat land mass, to start I wrote a little js to generate a random height map (with simplex noise) but that's where I'm stuck. this ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Structural artifacts in ray jitter

I recently set up temporal super-sampling in my path-tracer, and now I'm trying to improve early samples by adding random offsets between -[PIXEL_WIDTH] and +[PIXEL_WIDTH] to each initial ray position....
6
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1answer
96 views

Is it possible to directly generate mipmap levels of perlin noise?

Say I'm generating some texture using perlin noise (or simplex noise, or any similar noise). Then I generate mipmaps to obtain minified versions of that texture... My question is if it is possible to ...
8
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2answers
912 views

What's a proper way to clamp dither noise?

When reducing color depth and dithering with a 2 bit noise (with n=]0.5,1.5[ and output=floor(input*(2^bits-1) + n)), the ends of the value range (inputs 0.0 and 1.0) are noisy. It would be desirable ...
4
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2answers
676 views

How to modify Perlin (not simplex) noise to create continental like terrain generation

I have been playing around for a day with Perlin noise, and I am currently stuck. Most of the modifications I have made to the algorithm produce more or less the following: Now, this is a very good ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Help understanding Perlin Noise

I am following this tutorial: Understanding Perlin Noise | Blog To understand Perlin Noise. In particular, right now I am focusing on the following code section: ...
2
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0answers
347 views

What's the nature of Monte Carlo noise?

Monte Carlo rendering is just a process of sampling and reconstruction to evaluate the rendering equation. Why is it called noise rather than error?
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0answers
37 views

How to create a noise model with a constant PSNR?

My goal is to create a noise model so that the PSNR of the noisy image compared to the original is some pre-defined constant $\alpha$. This means the mean squared-error will also be a constant. My ...
5
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2answers
110 views

Downscaling by skipping rows and columns – any example images?

I'm about to implement downscaling on a microcontroller. Source resolution is e.g. 720x576 (the 576i PAL resolution, other one possible: 480i, NTSC resolution), destination is 32x16. The goal is to ...
10
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0answers
215 views

Why does increasing simplex noise dimension wash it out?

I just tried using this approach to create a tiling 2d simplex noise function with Gustavson's java implementation. The result tiled, but the texture seemed muddy / washed out. I decided to compare ...
4
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1answer
265 views

Creating a gently moving 2D fog effect

I am trying to create a fog-like effect, similar to that found using perlin noise. I know where I can find information about that effect, but it's harder for me to tell if it's an efficient route for ...
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0answers
48 views

How do you sample an analogue image and store it in a true-colour frame buffer? [closed]

I really cannot get my head around on this issue - how does an analogue image is sampled and then stored in a ture-colour frame buffer (e.g. in a camera) and how do you prevent noise when you do so? ...
15
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1answer
889 views

benefit of perlin noise over value noise

While investigating the inner workings of perlin noise, I wondered why one would use perlin noise instead of simple value noise. As far as I understand it right, the following applies: Perlin noise ...
21
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1answer
2k views

Why does my Perlin Noise look “blocky”?

I tried to implement Perlin Noise by myself using just the theory (following flafla2.github.io/2014/08/09/perlinnoise.html). Unfortunately I was unable to achieve the look of the "original" Perlin ...
9
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2answers
941 views

What makes a good permutation table?

I'm implementing improved Perlin noise. Its key feature for randomisation is the hardcoded permutation table, which gives essentially random but reproducible gradients at the cells of the grid. The ...
8
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1answer
205 views

Perturbed image texture implementation from renderman language

I am trying to implement (in C#) an image perturbation algorithm presented in the book "Texturing and modeling - K. Perlin et al" (page 91 if anyone has it), which distorts an image. The following ...
12
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1answer
271 views

How does a 2D Fourier Transform of an image work?

I understand how a 1D Fourier transform separates a signal into its component frequencies, but I'm having difficulty understanding how a 2D Fourier transform affects a 2D image. From another question,...
14
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1answer
302 views

Is all grid based noise inevitably anisotropic?

I'm interested in how this applies to higher numbers of dimensions too, but for this question I will focus solely on 2D grids. I know that Perlin noise is not isotropic (direction invariant), and ...
12
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1answer
328 views

Why is it twice as expensive to make a noise function that can be tiled?

I've seen in several places that making Perlin noise loop seamlessly requires calculating it twice in slightly different ways, and summing the two results. This Perlin noise math FAQ gives a formula: ...
15
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1answer
2k views

How can I generate procedural noise on a sphere?

I would like to generate procedural noise on the surface of a sphere (e.g. to procedurally generate planets or marble-textured balls). Of course, I could just take a standard noise algorithm and map ...
27
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1answer
1k views

Does the original Perlin noise ever have any advantage over Simplex noise?

Perlin noise is one of the most popular procedural noise functions. Perlin later developed Simplex noise which improves on some of the shortcomings of Perlin noise, notably its inefficiency in higher ...