Questions tagged [raytracing]

Questions specific to raytracing (as opposed to scanline rendering), the 3D graphics technique of intersecting rays from the camera with objects in the scene.

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12 views

Does film filter introduce bias in path tracing?

Does using box or gaussian filter introduce bias to the image when reconstructing the pixel? Bias does not seem to be talked in the Chapter 7.8 of PBRT
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66 views

Mathematical Foundations of Radiative Transfer

I'm new to learning about ray tracing, but have been fairly confused by the mathematical foundations of it all. Specifically of radiometry/radiative transfer. I've internet searched a lot and skimmed ...
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44 views

What is a Computer Graphics Internship like & good side projects to have? [closed]

I am soon going to be applying to a few Graphics Programming internships and I would like to know what side projects I should have to stand out as an applicant. What would the internship be like and ...
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35 views

How many years till photorealistic games? [closed]

I just saw this post by NVIDIA: RTX Global Illumination The images shown seem to be rendered in realtime which got me thinking about when games will achieve full photorealism and become ...
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33 views

Halton raytracer light path

I"m currently making my own graphic engine. I have the bsdf acquisition and various textures acquisition and I have materials suited for special type of light paths. did"t code the rendering ...
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33 views

Create a virtual server which use the full power of my GPU

i dont know if i can create a virtual server (with vmware, virtual box or with something like that), and if i can use the full power of my graph (i have a nvidia rtx 2080 super) or if I'm going to ...
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24 views

GL_OUT_OF_MEMORY Error when glDispatchCompute takes longer

I built a simple Ray Tracer which takes use of OpenGL's Compute Shader and traces ".obj" Files. The results are passed to the Host-Program via glMapBufferRange after finishing computing. ...
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1answer
93 views

Ray tracing where illumination itself affects the geometry

I am interested in a scientific application in which ray tracing is necessary, but also where the light itself alters the geometry of the surface mesh (imagine perhaps that the beams of light have ...
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1answer
121 views

Why is the image from the CUDA version not as sharp as the CPU version?

I am extending Roger Allen's Ray Tracing in One Weekend in CUDA (and also here) by following Peter Shirley's Ray Tracing: The Next Week; specifically Image Texture Mapping. The image I obtain from ...
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60 views

BVH uses aabb for a sphere in Ray Tracing: The Next Week

While studying Peter Shirley's Ray Tracing:The Next Week, I came across an issue that I cannot quite figure out: Stepping through the random_scene() case of the ...
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1answer
71 views

Debugging refraction in a sphere

I have been working on recreating some of the scenes from Peter Shirley's raytracing books using compute shaders and the new Metal raytracing API. It is going well but I am having some trouble with ...
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116 views

How do we know if a ray intersected a triangle in one in a million

I've taken a class about ray-plane intersection on this: https://www.khanacademy.org/computing/pixar/rendering/rendering-2/v/rendering-5 Suppose we shoot a ray at the scene and this scene contains ...
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71 views

Pathtracing - many bounces reduce shadows

I'm creating DXR PathTracer highly influence by Matt Pettineo's one - https://github.com/TheRealMJP/DXRPathTracer ; Relevant HLSL code below: ...
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65 views

Importance sampling GGX NDF - fireflies and bright final result

https://schuttejoe.github.io/post/ggximportancesamplingpart1/ - I have problem implementing this method. Somebody asked question about this before ( Can't understand the Importance sampling GGX ) ...
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60 views

Deriving radiance from irradiance and intensity

I'm reading PBRT and am stuck in chapter 5.4 about radiometry. In particular: We define the irradiance as the average density flux arriving at a surface with units $\frac{W}{m^2}$. So for a point ...
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1answer
59 views

Importance sampling a cosine distribution

Let's take a look at this blog article - https://schuttejoe.github.io/post/ggximportancesamplingpart1/ and image presented as a result of implementing it: Inside above link, you can see description ...
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159 views

Why does my image has a square pattern in cuda path tracer?

I am writting a path tracer in cuda following the Shirley's book. I am having a square pattern as an output. The size of the block change if I change the block dimensions. For this image, the block ...
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1answer
85 views

Path tracing - cannot converge diffuse sampling + oversaturation

I'm in process of creating progressive path tracer using DX12 + DXR. I managed to create working raytracing code + pathtracing code with multiple bounces but I'm experiencing problems stated below (...
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1answer
50 views

Worsening sampling quality of raytracing with increasing distance from world origin

I am using RT shader (DXR) to generate g-buffers with code below. There was no problems with smaller scene (pink room from cwyman tutorial - http://cwyman.org/code/dxrTutors/tutors/Tutor5/tutorial05....
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71 views

What should I do when a new sampled direction is below a normal oriented hemisphere?

I generate random directions from the pdf of D term in GGX BRDF. On the picture, white dots are new directions and the cross is the light direction, with roughness = 1. What should I do with the ...
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31 views

Global root signature crash

I have a problem with RTPSO creation. Using local root signatures for each of rgs (ray generation shader), chs (closest hit), miss is working correctly. However, for performance sake, I want to use ...
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81 views

BVH works fine, but why does it slow down a lot when using Cornell Box? How to improve it?

I am using the SAH-BVH from PBRT-v3, it works fine for triangle-mesh, especially for dense mesh. But here is a problem. If I added Cornell box while building the BVH tree, the BVH performance will ...
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111 views

Ray Tracing, why does the GGX make my rendering result darker and darker for each frame?

I am trying to add GGX and PBR textures to my GPU ray tracer. The result is very strange, it's getting darker for each frame. ...
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1answer
83 views

Raytracer help - Background color writing over some colors?

I'm implementing Peter Shirley's "Raytracer in a Weekend: The next week" and I'm having some trouble with rendering a scene with a light. I'm not sure if the issue is the background color or ...
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1answer
39 views

Hit group - export already defined

I am getting this error when creating RTPSO with multiple hit groups: ...
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50 views

Euclideon Unlimited Details Voxel Engine Architecture

As I understand Euclideon haven't just rendered voxels for these infamous demos, since the amount of geometry is still too large for the 2010 PC with software raytracer and the model taking whole HDD ...
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45 views

How does one obtain SDF of an octree?

As I understand the usual practice is to obtain the SDF by the means of a KD-tree. But the KD-tree generation and the lookup (for each ray step) are, well, slow, while the octree can be easily ...
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1answer
47 views

Texture value clamped to 1

I am working on ray/path-tracer using DXR and I'm starting with simple AO. In first pass, I am storing normal value and RayTCurrent(): ...
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437 views

Is BVH faster than the octree/kd-tree for raytracing the objects on a GPU?

Apparently most people use BVHs in their raytracers. The ray-AABB intersection code is very fast and and the BVHs also compresses empty space efficiently, working even with infinitely large objects, ...
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2answers
273 views

Why is eye-based ray tracing preferred over light-based ray tracing?

It seems that virtually all path tracers use eye-based or view-based path tracing. That is, the light rays originate from the camera rather than the light source. The reason given for this everywhere ...
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48 views

What's a good research topic in Computer Graphics?

I am currently trying to find topics for my master's thesis. I would really like to do something in the field of computer graphics, but I've been having trouble finding what are some current problems ...
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1answer
68 views

Rendering moist/wet materials like human anatomies for surgical simulators

Real human anatomies look wet/ moist when operated. I am looking for some good methods for rendering anatomies in a virtual simulation, and hence I have done a literature survey on 'Rendering wet ...
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1answer
87 views

Math for adaptive supersampling for raytracing

How do I determine how many (jittered) rays to trace for a given pixel, as a function of the statistics of a small initial set of test rays? Also, what size should the initial set be? (it's currently ...
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62 views

Implementing monte carlo path traced refractions problem

I am writing a forward monte carlo path tracer with the added feature of specular refractions for transparent materials, I have managed to come this far but something is not quite right and I am ...
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1answer
65 views

Ray Tracing Bounding Volume Hierarchies nodes

I'm new to computer graphics programming so I apologize in advance if my question is stupid. I'm trying to implement a BVH for my ray tracer and I looked at some lectures explaining BVH. They all ...
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54 views

Weird patch on reflective spheres on planes in raytracer

I am writing a small raytracer in python , everything was working fine but when i implemented plane geometry then the reflective spheres are getting weird patches on lower bottom. image below: I ...
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1answer
116 views

Prove radiance contributions of deeper paths fade away

When ray tracing, I find it intuitively clear that deeper paths have a lower contribution to the overal picture than shorter paths. This is the main reason why it is generally okay to render a picture ...
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64 views

Why is my ray caster is running much faster as a fragment shader compared to a compute shader

I'm trying to write a simple ray caster in OpenGL with C++. Previously, I have been using the fragment shader of a quad that covers the entire screen to do all the ray calculations. Now, I want to do ...
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1answer
97 views

a very simple raytracer is giving a black output which is implemented in python

I am trying to implement a simple raytracer in python. I am following this tutorial here here is my code, i have explained in comments the relevant parts .All i am getting is a blank image. ...
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2answers
109 views

Understanding of Microfacet monte-carlo path tracing

I am trying to implement BRDF microfacet path tracing and I think I need a little push. I will explain what I understand so that you can correct my mistakes. I start with simple rendering equation: ...
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191 views

Feeding acceleration structure to the GPU then raytracing it in a compute shader?

I want to use Vulkan's rasterization to solve for the visibility problem, but once that is done I want to do shading, reflection and transmission through a raytracer which also runs on the GPU. With a ...
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95 views

Visualize the variance of an image

Let $h_j$ denote the image reconstruction filter of pixel $j$. I'm estimating the color value $$I_j=\int h_jf\:{\rm d}\mu$$ of the $j$th pixel (see [Veach, Section 8.2]) by an asymptotically ...
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61 views

How do I produce a metallic surface in ray tracing?

I can't manage to produce a metallic looking sphere despite trying many things. I have the basics working, i.e shadows, refraction etc. but I'm not sure what combination of these will allow me to ...
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43 views

How to handle negative reflection directions in raytracing?

I got a function that generates samples from a GGX visible normal distribution function. When I use it to calculate reflection directions obviously some of these intersect with the surface agin (...
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57 views

Considering a path generated by bidirectional path tracing under a different strategy

Say I have constructed a path, using bidirectional path tracing (BDPT), consisting of a light subpath $y$ with $s=2$ vertices and a camera subpath $z$ with $t=3$ camera vertices. Now I want to ...
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45 views

How is the image reconstruction filter on the path space defined in terms of the filter on the raster space?

Say we have a image reconstruction filter $h:R\to\mathbb R$ defined on the raster space $[0,w]\times[0,h]$, where $w,h\in\mathbb N$ define the width and height of the image plane in pixels, ...
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76 views

Relation between camera sensor responsivity and image reconstruction filter associated with a pixel

Let $W_{\text e}$ denote the camera sensor responsivity (i.e. importance) and $h_j$ and $W_{\text e}^{(j)}$ denote the image reconstruction filter and sensor response associated with the $j$th pixel, ...
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137 views

Properties of the image reconstruction filter in rendering

Let $f$ denote the measurement contribution function for paths of length $k\in\mathbb N$, i.e. $$f(x)=g(x_0\leftrightarrow x_1)W_{\text e}(x_1\to x_0)t_k(x_0,\ldots,x_k)L_{\text e}(x_k\to x_{k-1}),$$ ...
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136 views

Scaling of the final image in Metropolis Light Transport

I don't understand why the PBR implementation of Metorpolis Light Transport scales the final image by b / mutationsPerPixel. The authors write: Each Metropolis ...
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1answer
50 views

Determining shortest vector between a ray and an axis-aligned 3D bounding box (correcting a near-miss)

I have a situation where (due to floating point error) a ray that is known to hit a bounding box fails due to floating point error. (1e-8 or so) Expanding the box is not an acceptable solution in my ...

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