Questions tagged [brdf]

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2answers
74 views

BRDF that interpolates between diffuse, glossy and reflective?

Is there a way to obtain a parametrized BRDF that smoothly interpolates between diffuse, glossy and mirror? For example, $\lambda = 0$ would be perfectly diffuse, $\lambda=0.5$ glossy and $\lambda = 1$...
3
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1answer
63 views

How do I make sure my cosine-weighted sampling works fine?

I'm working on a pathtracer and while it's working mostly fine, I'm getting different outputs with cosine-weighted sampling and uniform sampling : Uniform sampling is on the left, cosine-weighted is ...
1
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0answers
33 views

How to properly combine diffuse and rough specular BRDFs in a path tracer

Looking around here on various sources (including related questions on this site), if my understanding is correct, when implementing a path tracer with a material which has both a diffuse term and a ...
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0answers
31 views

How to find the BRDF of a rough specular surface

So I know that the BRDF for a diffuse material is `albedo/π', and I know that the BRDF for a perfectly specular surface is only non-zero on the reflected direction. How would I find the BRDF for a ...
1
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1answer
78 views

BRDF sampling and evaluation of diffuse vs specular component

When I am sampling diffuse BRDF I am using cosine-weighted distribution and when I want to sample specular BRDF I use sampling by GGX distribution. I can decide how much light is reflected and how ...
0
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3answers
117 views

Correct way to think about Fresnel effect

I am using Schlick approximation to calculate the value of the Fresnel effect I found here When I try to find corner cases for the formula I get the value of 1 when the angle between normal and ...
0
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2answers
83 views

Understanding of Microfacet monte-carlo path tracing

I am trying to implement BRDF microfacet path tracing and I think I need a little push. I will explain what I understand so that you can correct my mistakes. I start with simple rendering equation: ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Pdf division in BRDF sampling

While following scratchapixel's tutorial on indirect diffuse implementation in path tracing, the samples gets divided by the pdf, which in case of a uniform pdf results in $1/2\pi$ so we have that the ...
3
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0answers
126 views

Understanding BRDF sampling

I'm trying to understand BRDF importance sampling following the exemples of the lambertian/diffuse model and the reciprocal Phong model. I would like to be able to extend the principle to other ...
1
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0answers
37 views

How to handle negative reflection directions in raytracing?

I got a function that generates samples from a GGX visible normal distribution function. When I use it to calculate reflection directions obviously some of these intersect with the surface agin (...
0
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0answers
46 views

Formula for non area light BRDFs

I'm reading a graphics book and it talks about BRDFs being the ratio between differential outgoing radiance and differential irradiance. The formula it gives is f(l, v) = dL(v)/dE(l) Where l is the ...
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0answers
55 views

Understanding Oren-Nayar reflectance model

In the Oren–Nayar reflectance model, each facet is assumed to be Lambertian in reflectance. wiki My understanding : Law of reflection tells us that angle of incidence is equal to angle of ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Implementing the example of Walter et al. (2007) paper

As the title suggests I'm trying to implement the last images of the "Microfacet Models for Refraction through Rough Surfaces" Paper by Walter et al. in OpenGL I "think" (I had to put that into ...
0
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1answer
145 views

Should ray throughput always decrease when bouncing?

In the accepted answer for the question What is Importance Sampling?, in the example code there is this line: ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Importance Sampling path tracer, Different pdfs result in different luminance?

I'm having a lot of trouble implementing Importance Sampling path tracer. If I understand it correctly, what I need to evaluate for a path tracer is this: $\int_\Omega L_{in}(L) * fr(L, V) * \cos(\...
1
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1answer
56 views

Value range of normal distribution function

Is the normal distribution term D in the Cook-Torrance BRDF supposed to be between 0 and 1? What does this number actually represent?
2
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1answer
167 views

Rendering equation for spherical lights

I am currently implementing spherical lights in my DirectX game engine. I decided to build the shading formula from the classical rendering equation. Here is what I get: The simplifications show that ...
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0answers
46 views

Oren-Nayar Reflectance

I'm trying to implement Oren-Nayar reflectance and I don't quite understand the Wikipedia article on it. In the article, it has this diagram: I can't figure out what $(\theta_i, \phi_i)$ and $(\...
2
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0answers
87 views

Implementing GGX VNDF importance sampling with DXR

I am currently implementing the GGX specular BRDF in a DXR raytracer using the importance sampling method describe by Heitz I am sampling the VNDF with: ...
1
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1answer
93 views

Roughness Value of (Close to) Zero in Physically Based Rendering

In my Direct Light Physically Based Renderer, when I set the roughness too low (ie. 0.0 or close) the specular reflection doesn't show, not even at high resolutions and at perfect angle with the ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Microfacet BRDF artifacts

I've been trying to implement a microfacet specular BRDF based on the equations in Real Shading in UE4, but I'm getting weird ring-shaped artifacts in the highlights of rough surfaces: Here's the ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Physically realistic received irradiance values given some BRDF?

I am trying to simulate the actual response of a camera given some object that is reflecting light. I've written a ray tracer, and have a BRDF that I need to use, and I have a camera sensitivity in ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Where to find BRDF textures

I've read about measured BDRFs and models like cook-torrance have parameters that need to be set. It isn't hard to imagine that these parameters and the measured properties would vary from point to ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Strange dark spot when lighting in deferred rendering PBR shaders

It's probably something obvious but there seems to be a strange issue with lighting in my pipeline. I'm trying to keep everything in world space at the moment for simplicity but cannot figure out what'...
3
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0answers
132 views

Microfacet GGX not integrating as expected

I'm trying to complete a look-up table for an energy-conserving variation of microfacet GGX as implemented here: https://patapom.com/blog/BRDF/MSBRDFEnergyCompensation/ I have a (pretty standard) GGX ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Confusion about data types in Jensen's subsurface scattering paper

I am currently trying to implement Jensen's paper on subsurface scattering, but I am getting confused when I am trying to implement it in my pathtracer. I have questions about the data types of ...
3
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1answer
258 views

Can microfacet BRDF (including ggx) represent perfect mirror?

Perfect mirror's brdf is simple, $F\frac{\delta(\omega_i-\omega_r)}{|\cos(\theta_r)|}$ as in http://www.pbr-book.org/3ed-2018/Reflection_Models/Specular_Reflection_and_Transmission.html As shown in ...
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0answers
63 views

Questions about BRDF parameterization

Hi I'm trying to get a better understanding of the BRDF modeling. I only implemented naive diffuse(lambert), specular and microfacet BRDF before, but I don't have much experience in mixed BRDFs and ...
5
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0answers
235 views

Where do “fireflies” come from?

I'm using a renderer developed by other people, and I found there are fireflies. It is strange that in a completely diffuse scene, there are still fireflies presented. To my understanding, I think it ...
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0answers
324 views

GGX BRDF is greater than 1?

I am implementing a GGX BRDF, this is the formula I used is from:https://schuttejoe.github.io/post/ggximportancesamplingpart1/ And this is my implementation: ...
0
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2answers
367 views

How to set equivalent PDFs for cosine-weighted and uniform-sampled hemispheres?

I'm trying to add BRDFs to a very basic path tracer. Starting out, I'd like to convert just the Lambertian material, with two different sampling methods, to ensure that everything is working right. ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Anisotropic GGX BRDF implementation. How is it related to isotropic GGX BRDF?

Introduction I am implementing anisotropic GGX BRDF and have encountered strange behaviour of my implementation. I thought that if I compare the microfacet distribution function I have with the one ...
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0answers
39 views

confused on isotropic BRDF

I am reading a paper and there is a part I don't understand: I am wondering why the isotropic BRDF only depends on the view direction and roughness? Why is the light direction not related?
5
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0answers
53 views

Ask for help on understanding a formula related to change of variable

Although I have tried for a long time, I cannot understand Eq.(11) of paper "Microfacet Models for Refraction through Rough Surfaces" written by Bruce Walter, Stephen Marschner, Hongsong Li and ...
6
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1answer
152 views

“Artist Friendly Metallic Fresnel” reversible?

While implementing the "Artist Friendly Metallic Fresnel" paper by Ole Gulbrandsen (http://jcgt.org/published/0003/04/03/paper.pdf), I read that it is fully reversible: (section 2.3.2): for all r,g ...
1
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1answer
159 views

total internal reflection implementation in pbrt-v3

I've been implementing a path tracer, referring pbrt-v3. However, I'm a bit confused about its implementation. Code is here. It seems when we sample to do transmission, it tests if it meets a total ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Ask for detailed derivation of a formula in “Advanced Global Illumination”

Attached is page 34 of "Advanced Global Illumination", 2nd edition, by Dutre et al. I don't understand how (2.22) is derived from (2.21) and the given incident radiance distribution $L(x\leftarrow\Psi)...
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0answers
52 views

Cook-Torrance Specular BRDF Artifact [duplicate]

I am currently experiencing a very obvious artifact that occurs when looking at objects on very grazing angles Here is a picture of the artifact: I noticed that the issue was coming from my ...
1
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0answers
217 views

Normal Artifacts On Grazing Angles

I am currently experiencing a very obvious artifact that occurs when looking at objects on very grazing angles Here is a picture of the artifact: I noticed that the issue was coming from my ...
2
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1answer
372 views

PBR - How to handle multiple BSDFs and material type

So I am in the midst of writing my own path traced renderer and right now I have only implemented the old Blinn-Phong models where we separately calculated the diffuse and specular components of the ...
3
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1answer
211 views

Importance Sampling in Unreal Engine Formula Derivation (Irradiance term)

I am currently trying to understand IBL in Unreal Engine, and there are so much things that I don't understand about the formula. Unreal approximate the specular term of shading equation by doing ...
5
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2answers
113 views

Refraction: given an incoming and transmitted direction, can I deduce the normal?

It's easy to find guides to calculating the transmitted direction of light given an incoming direction, the normal, and indexes of refraction. However, I can't find anything about determining the ...
6
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1answer
208 views

Radiative Transfer Equation for Photorealistic Rendering

I've recently become interested in photorealistic rendering, and I've been looking at the different rendering philosophies. I read this Disney Research bachelor's thesis, which states both the ...
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0answers
103 views

How to validate whether a reflection model is implemented correctly?

I think this is one of the most important part when you write a physically-based renderer. The solution I came up with is to put a sphere to the scene with a constant background radiance. Solve the ...
4
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1answer
852 views

Phong and the Rendering Equation: What's with the cosine?

Ignoring emission and shadowing for simplicity, the rendering equation can be stripped down to: $$L(x, \, \vec \omega) = \int_{\Omega}{f_r(x, \, \vec \omega^\prime, \, \vec \omega) \, (\vec \omega^\...
3
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1answer
619 views

BRDF normalization

I don't understand how to normalize the BRDF. the constraint is that for each incoming ray, the exitant ray will be $1$ at most ie integral of hemisphere of $f_r\cdot\cos(\theta)$ where $f_r$ is the ...
10
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3answers
8k views

What is the difference between radiance and irradiance in BRDF

Currently I am reading the BRDF section from Real Time Rendering and I am having a hard time to visually understand the definition of this function. BRDF is the ratio between the radiance in outgoing ...
4
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0answers
79 views

Predicting reflectance functions from complex surfaces

There are three principal ways to obtain a BRDF. We can Derive an analytic formula using physical principles Use simulation given an assumed or measured model of the surface microgeometry Measure the ...
4
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0answers
331 views

Wrong output while implementing GGX importance sampling

I'm receiving a non-energy conserving output while trying to importance sample the GGX Distributionof the Microfacet model, which is generally 3-4 times bigger than the resulting PDF I'm following ...
4
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2answers
447 views

What is a Gaussian Lobe concerning BRDF and NDF?

I was reading a paper about voxel cone tracing and came across this term. So, what is a Gaussian Lobe or a Lobe in general? I am asking in the context of Computer Graphics, BRDF and NDF.