Questions tagged [rendering]

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38 views

"Interleaved rendering" in fragment shader

Intro I'm trying to render multi-channel images (more than 4 channels, for the purposes of feeding it to a Neural Network). Since OpenGL doesn't support it natively, I have multiple 4-channel render ...
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1answer
80 views

Trying to understand how to render a volumetric point light

My goal is to render a volumetric point light as explained in this book's chapter 10: FGED Rendering The book explains the math pretty well, but I'm not sure I understand what is the required setup ...
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45 views

Graphics APIs: read/write the same texture

I know we can't bind the same texture as an input resource to a shader and as a render target within a single draw call, Direct3D just forces unbinding of such a texture SRV, OpenGL says it's ...
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2answers
125 views

Rendering Hypercentric Perspective

I came across some Non-Euclidean Games which involve Hyperbolic Spaces, Spherical Spaces, Portals, etc. And, I noticed that they give quite deep feel of what Non-Euclidean Spaces feel like. So, I was ...
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51 views

Examples of cases where you write depth value in Fragment Shader?

I've very less knowledge when it comes to rasterization and typical rendering in games and other applications. So I was reading up on the rendering pipeline and found that the hardware could do early ...
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1answer
43 views

PDF of BRDF respecting the spherical coordinates

I'm reading the article Sampling microfacet BRDF. The GGX function is $D(h)$, the articles says the PDF respecting the spherical coordinates is $P_1(\theta)=D(h)Cos(\theta)Sin(\theta)$. But I think ...
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1answer
40 views

Are vertices of each LOD version always loaded into VRAM

Are vertices of each LOD version always loaded into VRAM? I know many game engines have a LOD feature for mesh vertices and textures. I'm just wondering if all vertices and textures of all(each) LOD ...
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35 views

How to dynamically calculate the Partial Derivative of any vector?

I have a problem that requires Partial Derivative of X and Partial Derivative of Y (Like OpenGL's dFdx() and dFdy() functions.. OpenGL Registry dFdx) However, the issue is, I dont have access to these ...
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1answer
54 views

Motivation behind tesselation

This question is NOT about the hardware difficulties and shortcomings of tesselation shaders I am trying to understand the motivation behind tesselation shaders. Why/when/where tesselation is a good ...
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60 views

Is it possible that a superior, undiscovered 3D rendering method exists?

As far as I know, the only options we have for true 3D rendering are polygonal rendering, ray-marching and raytracing/casting. Why is that? Surely there must be other ways? Is there some paper ...
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1answer
218 views

What are 'mesh clusters' / hierarchical cluster culling (with LOD?) / triangle cluster culling and how do they relate?

I've seen several references to this and related concepts now but I can't find any hard details about these systems, and how they are implemented. The earliest reference I can find is from the "...
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1answer
65 views

State of the art in real-time global illumination algorithms [closed]

What is the state of the art in global illumination algorithms in real time applications? Which algorithms or categories of algorithms are actually used in the wild and what are their characteristics (...
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1answer
49 views

What does filter mean in glint rendering and texture mapping?

I bumped into the flowing when reading paper. Can anyone help to explain what does filter means in glint rendering and texture mapping? Thanks a lot!
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2answers
72 views

How are rounded corners of user interfaces usually rendered in modern applications like browsers?

I'm just trying to figure out, how rounded corners are usual drawn for user interfaces in a performant way & as insight also try to figure out how it's done in Browser, as they allow for variable ...
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0answers
61 views

Ray tracing tree

Let's suppose that we have a light source. Which of the following are correct for the tree of recursive ray-tracing (ray tree) that create when we make the colors for each pixel in the screen. Which ...
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1answer
66 views

Ray tracing Bug with Diffuse material

I am trying to do ray tracing in python (following the tutorial given in Ray Tracing in a weekend). Basically I am shooting rays from eye and the recursively bounce around, each time they hit ...
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0answers
37 views

Order Independent Transparency: How to approach sorting

In an "Order Independent Transparency" implementation, one faces sorting a large amount of (as many as the number of pixels in the viewport) sets of data with relatively small number of ...
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0answers
49 views

What are Gbuffers?

Good Morning! I am in need of help to understand GBuffers. What exactly are they? and how can I access them through unity? Is it something I need to create? Or does the engine create automatically? In ...
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0answers
44 views

How to add spectral texture to an object? (Mitsuba renderer)

Summary I'm looking for a possibility to use spectral texture data in Mitsuba renderer. The texture is saved as a tiff image stack and is to be added to the surface of an arbitrary object. Software ...
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1answer
62 views

How to render and store a color gradient in a ramp texture for 16bit dataset?

I'm working on a scientific visualization project and need to create a transfer function widget. The volume data is either in range 0-255 or it can be 16 bit i.e. <...
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0answers
48 views

Combining two images based on their depth maps

Lets assume, we have two depth maps with us and their corresponding color maps. Now, our task is to populate a final image that will be displayed. Each pixel in the final image needs to be calculated ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Reading neighbouring pixels during object draw call

I need something to be cleared up for me, and I hope this is the right place to ask my question: I intend to attempt stochastic transparency, where I will draw glass panes and smoke particles onto the ...
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1answer
39 views

Plotting pbrt-v3 Gaussian filter

I want to plot the Gaussian filter of pbrt-v4 with a radius $(100,100)$ and a standard deviation ($\sigma$) of $0.5$. I would expect something like this: When I plot the pbrt-v4 Gaussian filter with ...
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0answers
17 views

Houdini SOHO interactive update

I'm trying to plug my renderer into Houdini,and I've already managed to transfer the houdini soho scene to my c++ program via boost interprocess shared memory,and rendered my first image.But I still ...
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0answers
45 views

How can I render a triangle mesh at 10bit (or 12bit or 16bit) channel depth color?

For a vision research experiment, I have a monitor that supports 10bit/channel (=30bit color). I want to render a triangle mesh in a simple scene that uses the full bit depth, and I want to save this ...
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1answer
38 views

Creating high quality background images for a game which have small areas of moving detail

I am in the process of making a 'Game' using the Unity game engine which features pre-rendered 3d background images. Currently, we are using JPegs but I thought it would be nice to get some movement ...
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1answer
42 views

Efficiency of different Processors and GPUs

I don't really know where I should ask this, so I decided to come here. I want to send multiple 3D files to several computers to render, and for that I need to approximately determine when each system ...
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1answer
51 views

Path tracing: How to ensure we are sampling a direction vector within the visible hemisphere of a surface?

Given a surface Normal vector of an intersection point, how can one generate a random direction vector that is guaranteed to be in the visible hemisphere? The way I ...
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1answer
60 views

How to link Intel Open Image Denoise in Qt Creator and use it to denoise noisy Monte Carlo path tracing renderings?

I've been trying to link my the Intel Open Image Denoise libraries for about a week and still have no luck as of now. This could partly be because I am also novice in C++ stuff. So I need some help in ...
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1answer
83 views

Problem using Decaling with Stencil to avoid Z-fighting

I need to create a decaling into a surface like a mesh, and to avoid Z-fighting I've been using Stencil Buffer to Turn-off depth test and make the decaling over the surface the Stencil Op permits. In ...
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1answer
78 views

Using Software Rendering to make an External GPU

I was looking at the Raspberry Pi 4 specs and realized that running a software renderer on the pi could get some decent graphics. By using USB ports and Ethernet ports, I think I might be able to send ...
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1answer
36 views

What can be reduce in peripheral circle and increase in foveated cirle?

Foveated rendering, is definitely one of the newest fields of real-time graphics rendering. The main goal of foveated rendering is reducing rendering cost to increase frame-rate without perception ...
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2answers
113 views

Why do some videos look smoother and others don't on the same monitor

I have a Dell monitor with 60 Hz refresh rate and therefore games playing on it are not very smooth as compared to 120 hz. But when I open videos on YouTube of the same game on the same monitor, some ...
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1answer
79 views

What effects are used to light this scene?

I am interested how that image on the right of the slider (just albedo) can produce such a realistic looking scene as the scene on the left. What effects (at a minimum) does this scene seem to be ...
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1answer
172 views

Screen Space anti aliasing?

I have the following challenge. I am given a black and white image with rasterized lines. Given this input, I want to extend the edges to cover more than one pixel and antialias the edges. My first ...
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0answers
38 views

I am trying to find a clip about the art of old computer graphics

I have saw a clip where a guy talked about the art of squeezing some nice graphics into a very small space that was available on old computers. Come to think of it, it sounded something like today's ...
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1answer
89 views

Stylized math like rendering?

How can I render plots and graphics that mimic how mathematicians draw diagrams? For example Look at this shirt: The diagrams represent 2D and 3D shapes, however they have characteristics of human ...
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1answer
138 views

Why is the image from the CUDA version not as sharp as the CPU version?

I am extending Roger Allen's Ray Tracing in One Weekend in CUDA (and also here) by following Peter Shirley's Ray Tracing: The Next Week; specifically Image Texture Mapping. The image I obtain from ...
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0answers
49 views

Can ambient light reflection of a surface be larger than diffuse reflection?

According to Phong's reflection model, there are different reflection constants (k) and different intensities of the light source (i) for ambient, diffuse, and specular terms: $I_p=k_ai_a+\sum_{m \in ...
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1answer
140 views

Energy redistribution sample re-integration

I'm implementing ERPT-style energy redistribution of primary samples within a pathtracer. Specifically, to improve the sampling of defocused areas. The core algorithm does two things: If sample ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Rendering part of the scene inside bounding sphere

In this video https://youtu.be/0ckE-CZpXAo?t=445, it's suggested to render onto a sphere instead of screen quad to save computation time on lighting calculations. So you create a bounding sphere for ...
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1answer
62 views

How to pass only the needed portion of the data calculated in a fragment shader to another fragment shader?

I have an image and I want to draw an arbitrary number of objects on that image. The center coordinates of those objects are calculated inside a fragment shader after series of image processing ...
2
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1answer
106 views

What's the simplest, open, animation format?

I have an obj parser that handles triangle meshes specifically. I want to extend it (and the rest of my system) to handle animations as well. However, I don't think I am ready to tackle the glTF ...
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1answer
428 views

Drawing a cube and wireframe opengl

I'm trying to render a cube and it's wireframe together using OpenGL The main function is this: ...
3
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1answer
182 views

Why does my image has a square pattern in cuda path tracer?

I am writting a path tracer in cuda following the Shirley's book. I am having a square pattern as an output. The size of the block change if I change the block dimensions. For this image, the block ...
1
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1answer
88 views

What is the simplest way to create basic 3d/isometric style images programatically like autocad/blender

I need the simplest route to programatically, via command line, through python or node, to create something like this using basic input of distance and 90 degree turn etc: https://i.imgur.com/SdY02gQ....
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2answers
125 views

Reference for Inverse Rendering

I'm not sure this is the right place to ask for this reference but it's worth the shot since it is graphics related. I'm looking for the very first paper describing what "Inverse Rendering" -...
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1answer
180 views

What is 2D BRDF Slice/Lobe?

I was recently trying to read some rendering papers and textbooks. The word 2D BRDF slice/lobe is often used while no official definition is provided. I know that BRDF is a 4D function of input ...
2
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1answer
58 views

How can I make a graphics demo without a frame buffer?

I am programming a microcontroller - a tiny 8 bit computer that has about 100Mhz - 300Mhz CPU clock speed and 64K application RAM (actually ROM), but only a tiny amount of RAM (6K) - nowhere near ...
2
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1answer
844 views

What are the use cases for multiple render passes?

From what I understand of Vulkan, we have a render pass with its associated image resources and subpasses, and each subpass accesses those resources and may synchronise with previous subpasses to ...

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