In a real GPU, instead of having multiple cores trying to read/write the same region of the depth buffer and attempting to synchronize between them, the depth buffer is divided into tiles (such as 16×16 or 32×32), and each tile is assigned to a single core. That core is then responsible for all rasterization in that tile: any triangles that touch that tile ...
Highly specialized hardware handles it. A typical strategy is for a GPU to tile rasterization and store depth information in compressed formats (e.g. the z-equation when a polygon completely covers a tile). This allows testing across an entire tile at once; other cool HW tricks include depth testing before the pixel shader is run (assuming conditions permit -...
Yes, the back buffer is for the GPU to write the frame that's in-progress, while the display controller sends the front buffer to the attached display. Swapping buffers doesn't really copy anything these days. The display controller has a register which tells it the address of the frame buffer to display. Swapping buffers simply puts the address of the old ...
While creating a set of glTF models for a tutorial, I also intended to create THE minimal glTF file.
Update: The following referred to glTF 1.0/1.1. See below for an update of this example to glTF 2.0.
As already mentioned in the answer by 5chdn, one issue may be the material. According to the Appendix A: Default Material of the specification, an asset ...
Yes, it's totally possible, and in fact it's preferable to keep buffers in memory if you will be accessing them over the life of your program, rather than deallocating and reallocating them again.
I can't speak for Unity's way of allocating persistent buffers - I work with Unity and do a lot of shader writing in Cg, but most of our stuff is on mobile so ...
You can put the data into a data uri to store the data inline in base64 format.
It's still a bit bloated compared to storing the data in a binary file though.
When depth testing is enabled, the testing occurs after the fragment shader executes. The procedure is relatively simple (and spelled out pretty well here):
Get depth of fragment
Test against depth buffer
Discard if it fails
Early-z discard is when a rasterizer discards a fragment before a fragment shader runs because it's clear early on that it won't pass ...
Short answer: Move your near clip plane further away.
Depth buffer precision is very sensitive to the near clip plane distance.
Complicated answer: Use different math in your view projection. There are a few techniques that can help, some of them are outlined here:
The marquee feature of buffer storage is not immutability of the allocation itself, but instead is a feature you couldn't have without immutable allocation: persistently mapped buffers.
Pre-buffer_storage, you could not use a buffer while it was mapped. This is done to allow implementations the freedom to play games with mapping behind your back. For ...
As stated, the question is a bit generic. It all depends on what part you want to display in the 512x512 display. If you have a 1024x1024 frame buffer from some source and only want to display 1/4 of the information, by all means copy the first 512 elements from the first 512 lines. If you want to support panning, you'll start at a different index in a ...
It depends. There are a few competing factors at work here.
First, consolidating terrain data into fewer buffers (or one) may allow you to combine multiple terrain patches together in a single draw call—assuming there aren't other state changes between patches that would prevent this. So, you may be able to reduce draw-call overhead this way, or at least ...
After spending a hard time to understand the way how the binary buffers work in the gltf files I finally managed to generate a truely minimal gltf file. It's a single yellow triangle (demo).
I tried to remove everything which is not needed from the gltf. This is what is required it seems (github):
Also check out the glTF models used in Cesium:
Ok sometimes you have to ask a question to figure out the answer already.
Example datasets are available in the same repository as linked in the question already.
Here are some:
VAOs are essentially 'plumbing' objects that help get data from your buffers into your vertex shader ready for drawing. On the GPU this is handled by the vertex fetch stage, so a VAO is basically just a bundle of vertex fetch state corresponding to a particular model.
You can think of it as a bundle of pointers, but with somewhat more complexity than CPU-...
According to the OpenGL spec, any integer other than zero can be a potential name. Zero is the only value that's guaranteed not to be an object name.
Relevant quote from the spec:
22.214.171.124 Name Spaces, Name Generation, and Object Creation
Each object type has a corresponding name space. Names of objects are represented by unsigned integers of ...
I have tried doing glCear(GL_BACK_LEFT) between each iteration but it is not clearing, I'm wondering if I'm missing a line of code before the glClear, or if I'm calling it right. I think the problem is that the back buffer isn't clearing
This comment of yours sheds some light on the matter. This function call doesn't do what you think it does and is ...
The information you're looking for is defined in the 'accessors' and 'bufferViews' near the top of the source file you linked.
Bufferviews simply divide the buffer up into sub ranges and define broadly what kind of data lives there using some obscure shortcodes. In this case, target 34963 means index data and 34962 means vertex data. So from the other ...
Technically any file format where you can dump the entire file into a VBO and then render from that will work for the .bin files. Unfortunately those formats are less well known than they should be.
Then you only need to adjust the bufferview elements to reference the proper subset of the file
There is a difference between "can" and "should".
You "should" not use glBufferData to change the size of an existing non-immutable buffer. You can still do so, but don't expect this to be advantageous.
You "can" not change the size of an immutable buffer with any function.
How do I replace the whole VBO with my new data, but if my new data is smaller ...
tl;dr The vao caches the calls to glVertexAttribPointer et. al.
Every call to glVertexAttribPointer, glEnableVertexAttribArray and the binding of gl_Element_Array will store the parameters into the currently bound vao. In the case of glVertexAttribPointer it will also store the current binding to GL_VERTEX_ARRAY in the vao.
This is a major help when ...
In addition to @russ' answer, I was able to decode the buffer with the gltf Utilities.
let uri = "data:application/octet-stream;base64,AAABAAIAAwACAAEABAAFAAYABwAGAAUACAAJAAoACwAKAAkADAANAA4ADwAOAA0AEAARABIAEwASABEAFAAVABYAFwAWABUAAAAAvwAAAL8AAAA/AAAAPwAAAL8AAAA/AAAAvwAAAD8AAAA/AAAAPwAAAD8AAAA/AAAAPwAAAL8AAAA/AAAAvwAAAL8AAAA/AAAAPwAAAL8AAAC/AAAAvwAAAL8AAAC/...
The result is a base64 encoded String, like:
If you paste this Data URI into the browser, you can download a binary blob which is exactly what the glTF files can use.
The 52 bytes ...