The rendering engine that rendered this image is using a technique called deferred rendering, which first writes scene information (as seen from the camera) to seperate buffers (such as position, normal, and albedo buffers) and then calculates lighting for the image based off this information. It is important that we have position and normal buffers on top of the albedo buffer so that lighting can be calculated at each pixel (these buffers are not visible in your example, but they are there under the hood). As an example, take a look at the image below that shows the different buffers of an engine I worked on - it may help to better understand what is going on.
Once a buffer has been made with all of the lighting calculations, you can then achieve post processing effects by processing the buffer with various algorithms to produce the final image. Some post processing effects that are visible in your image are bloom (which adds "glow" to bright spots), motion blur and an implementation of screen space ambient occlusion (SSAO).
A full list of the rendering features can actually be found at the 1:02 mark of the video, I have attached the image here to make it easy to see. It may be worth googling what each individual post-processing effect does so that you can better understand the effect they have on the overall image.
Hope this was of help :)