Questions tagged [vector-graphics]

For questions about scalable 2D graphics based on vector operations, as opposed to raster graphics. For example, polygons, Bézier curves and ellipses.

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54 views

How to get world coordinates from a 4X4 camera matrix

I have Intel T265 camera which has a camera coordinates system like following diagram: The camera system has two cameras and the center of the two cameras is the position of the camera system. The ...
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38 views

Changing Coordinate Frames with Affine Transformations

Stuck with this questions could I get some help. where uA and vA are two orthonormal vectors indicating the two axes, and oA is the origin. Suppose that all three frames of reference shown in ...
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How to do a scanline fill with a self intersecting polygon?

I have a bezier curve and would like to draw it's stroke. To do that, I planned to approximate the stroke to a polygon and fill it with a scanline algorithm. While I feel confident about implementing ...
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54 views

Mathematics in Computer Graphics

Can you please recommend some topic for research work related to mathematics in CG? (Maybe something like "Affine transformations in CG")
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131 views

Non linear transformation of vector graphic

I want to do a non-linear transformation of a svg in python. My specific problem is to transform a rectangular svg image into a frustum like image, for which i have a mathematical equation of the form ...
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34 views

How to programmatically extract shape types like circle etc from SVG file path attributes

I have paths in SVG file with d attributes with values like M 48.75521890547264 45.77014427860697 Q 48.756218905472636 45.77114427860697 50.24875621890547 45....
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1answer
570 views

How do you add text dynamically to an image and export it?

Apologize for crossposting, but I posted this in Stack Overflow and thought it might be a better post here. Recently, Spotify released their 2019 Spotify wrapped web application, which is essentially ...
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1answer
236 views

Program to make "Pieslice" without using library function?

As we know in C/C++ there is "graphics.h" header file with the help of which we can do graphics programs in C. There is a function pieslice in that header file,its syntax is: ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the i,j,k components of a 3d mesh on plot.ly (online)?

A 3d Mesh on plot.ly online graph maker (https://plot.ly/create/#/) takes 3 mandatory variables (X, Y, Z) and 3 optional variables (I, J, K). I understand that if I want to draw a cube that I then ...
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2answers
171 views

Any good sources on advaced/special rasterization algorithms and techniques and theory behind them?

I spent quite some time looking for books on rasterization of vector graphics and related challenges. The best I found is "Raster Tragedy in Low Resolution",which is old and focused on fonts. There ...
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1answer
125 views

LoopBlinn Cubic Curve Rendering - Serpentine arteffect

I am trying to implement the Loop-Blinn cubic curve in java using the following source codes GPU-Curve-Rendering and WebCore. Both of them are showing few arteffects and i cannot figure out why. Here ...
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117 views

Plotting software used in old scientific papers

Does anyone know what software was used in many old scientific papers (please see attached example). I love the clean look of the graph and the typeface. Thanks. Graph example
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42 views

Confused about graphic art and what software is used to create the environment of it? [closed]

I have a question that I am stuck on, I am wondering what style is this image considered? And what program do people generally use to create this?
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1answer
460 views

Bresenham's Algorithm not drawing horizontal lines

I'm getting started with graphics and I'm having trouble implementing the Bresenham's algorithm. Now, I know that my implementation is incomplente, but I can't see why it doesn't make horizontal lines(...
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189 views

How can I convert a shape made out of pixels to vertices

I'm trying to implement the solution to get the minimum dissection into rectangles of a rectilinear polygon. My shape is made out of pseudo-pixels (different width/height) but for the moment let's ...
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2answers
719 views

How to make a translation relative to the line ax + by + c = 0, affine transformations

(sorry for my english) The task: A triangle is specified. To realize its motion on the basis of mirror reflection with respect to an arbitrary line ax + by + c = 0, the coefficients of which are ...
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1answer
77 views

Why inverse of an allignment matrix is the same as its transpose?

$A_{v}^{-1}$ = $A_{v}^{T}$ $A_{v}$ = Allignment matrix that alligns vector v with z axis $=$\begin{bmatrix} \frac{\lambda}{|v|} & \frac{-ab}{\lambda|v|} & \frac{-ac}{\lambda|v|} &...
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1answer
122 views

how to build the feature curves of this algorithm?

I hope this is the right group to be able to expose my doubts about the implementation of the algorithm shown in this article. The question I have is how to do the feature curves, what I do not ...
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1answer
336 views

Determining Vanishing Points of edges of Triangle using given Point

Due to perspective foreshortening, the projections of parallel lines (1D geometric objects) meet in their vanishing point (a 0D geometric object). Higher dimensional geometric objects also has higher ...
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2answers
58 views

How to get the length of paths in an given font/character

I wan't create some LED-rope text, using some script font, like the following: For this I need somewhat estimate the needed length of the LED-rope for the given letter (or combinations of letters). ...
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1answer
897 views

Hooke's Law vector form

I'm studying spring model. There is a suggested equation (Hooke's Law vector form) But, I couldn't understand how to derive that equation. I'm reading 'Computer Animation Algorithms and Techniques ...
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1answer
299 views

Fill an irregular region with 2D shapes

I am creating a 2D CAD drawing generator in C# using .netDXF library. Given a area I want to fill it with rectangles/circles (convex). For example, the regions marked with numbers in below image. This ...
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1answer
2k views

Thick Line segment

How is this 'wy' equation for thick line segment derived?
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1answer
90 views

adobe illustrator art brush, how does it work?

I want to find out how the art brush in adobe illustrator works. It looks like it's taking some vector art and applying it to a smooth line. How can I go about implementing this?
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1answer
854 views

How can I verify if a selection area is over a shape in SVG?

I'm creating an SVG editor. I have a simple selection tool that appears when I click and move my mouse from a blank area in my SVG. My SVG is populated with rectangles that can have a rotation ...
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1answer
292 views

Determining the 'outer' subpath in a compound SVG path

The following four SVG paths render the same (using the default fill-rule="nonzero"): ...
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1answer
624 views

Vectorizing to polylines instead of paths

I am trying to implement a shape matching algorithm for vector images discussed in a paper. The input to the algorithm is a model of 2D shapes defined by contour segments. According to the paper, such ...
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2answers
192 views

First steps towards CAD standard curve fitting

I am interested in building a program to accomodate the following workflow: A user begins with an arbitrary vector/CAD shape, which they wish to transfer onto paper without using a printer (there are ...
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0answers
62 views

Vectorizing half tone images

Vectorizing continuous tone images is often met with color palette reduction and visual artifacts. Half-tone images, on the hand, have constant patterns in their tones, which would intuitively lead to ...
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1answer
127 views

What graphic languages are simpler than SVG for database diagrams? [closed]

This is PNG was exported from Inkscape. I created it manually and used the connector tool to link tables. I find the plain SVG for this diagram more complicated than I was expecting so would like to ...
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141 views
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1answer
905 views

Bezier Curve Tool Controlled by Mouse

So I have recently learned about Bezier Curves (quadratic & cubic) and have a thorough knowledge of how they work. In my graphics engine in DirectX I wanted to implement a Bezier Curve Tool ...
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1answer
2k views

How to draw an orthogonal graph from its edges and vertices data?

I am writing a software and I need to represent an graph in a orthogonal manner from topological data (vector of edges,vertices and their connectivity data) Graphs consist of a set of vertices and a ...
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1answer
168 views

inside and outside region identification from 2D contour

A 3D model is sliced against a plane and the resulting 2D contour is projected onto the plane. I am looking for an efficient algorithm to identify the inside and outside region of the contour. ...
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1answer
327 views

SVG opengl implementation - strokes overlap on transparency

I am trying to implement svg rendering by opengl using meshes. In paths with opacity less than 1, the color of overlapping strokes add up. But it should be like this the opengl calls are: ...
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302 views

scan line conversion

I am going throug the topic scan line conversion where the scan line parallel to the x-axis is put through the intersection test with all the edges of the polygon. Would there be any large ...
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1answer
1k views

Choosing & Using a Projection Matrix

I'm looking into the graphics pipeline processes and at the moment in particular, perspective projection matrices. After looking in several different sources, and across the breadth of previous ...
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2answers
244 views

Finding the angle of any side of a polygon

I'm trying to find the angle it would take for me to rotate a polygon so that a specific side is completely horizontal and on the bottom. For example, a shape like this: Needs to be rotated so the ...
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2answers
3k views

What is Illustrator's vector rasterization process?

I am currently trying to understand a few things about vector graphics rasterization and the different ways it is implemented in various application types. I tested and compared a few programs and ...
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1answer
655 views

How to calculate matching roundness of two offset rectangles?

I have two rectangles — one with a fill (blue) and one with a stroke (red). The red rectangle is being offset (depending on the stroke width) so that it appears snug and outside the edge of the blue ...
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1answer
239 views

What are forms of affine transformations?

Please help me tackle the below question: Explain THREE forms of affine transformations using relevant examples for each case. The answers I want to see are scaling, rotation and reflection.
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3answers
3k views

Performance of vector graphics versus bitmap or raster graphics

Sometimes I use vector graphics, simply because they look just slightly nicer in some cases, and other times, I use bitmap/raster graphics. I was wondering, are there any significant performance ...