# Questions tagged [pbrt]

For questions related to techniques described in the book *Physically Based Rendering: From Theory to Implementation*

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### Conflicting definitions for the distribution of normals $D$ in microfacet BSDFs

Please do not confuse this question with this one. In Understanding the Masking-Shadowing Function in Microfacet-Based BRDFs, Eric Heitz defines the distribution of normals as. There, the footnote. ...
83 views

### How is the maximum value for alpha (roughness == 1) decided for microfacet models?

Recently I have been looking at pbrt, and was looking at their remapping from roughness to $\alpha$ values: https://github.com/mmp/pbrt-v3/blob/master/src/core/microfacet.h#L86 I understand that it is ...
1 vote
50 views

### BTF Find Four Closest Sampling Directions

I am trying to use the techniques discussed in this paper to implement a BTF into PBRT. I am stuck on how to actually interpolate the weights of the four closest sampling directions. At the BTF, I ...
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1 vote
148 views

### How to change a RGB value using a radiance value?

I am new to this awesome community, I am currently writing a ray tracer but I hit a problem... Let's say I have a surface(material doesn't matter) of colour [1, 0, 0] in RGB, and the radiance reaching ...
53 views

### Raytracing, divide by PDF neutralized the effect of D and G terms, what is the problem?

Following some documents on internet, I divide my ray tracing result by PDF. Then it seem the D and G terms disappeared. Only F term is still visible, it looks like Fresnel only. ...
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1 vote
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### Is spectral response curve and spectral power distribution the same thing?

I'm reading section 5.2 of pbrt 3rd edition and came across the part where they explain the concept of RGB colors. When we display an RGB color on a display, the spectrum that is actually displayed ...
• 113
47 views

### Plotting pbrt-v3 Gaussian filter

I want to plot the Gaussian filter of pbrt-v4 with a radius $(100,100)$ and a standard deviation ($\sigma$) of $0.5$. I would expect something like this: When I plot the pbrt-v4 Gaussian filter with ...
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1 vote
62 views

### How can I account for specular interactions in shadow rays?

I've been working through PBRT, implementing my own version of it in Rust. Right now I'm working on shadow rays, and it looks like pbrt doesn't do anything to account for specular behavior, and treats ...
1 vote
47 views

### Why is there a T factor in the definition of Shah given in Matt Pharr's Physically Based Rendering?

The specific chapter about this is here - Sampling Theory Unlike what I read anywhere else, it defines Shah as: $$Ш_T(x)=T\sum\nolimits_i{\delta{(x-Ti)}}$$ And the T is still present in the ...
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### Scaling of the final image in Metropolis Light Transport

I don't understand why the PBR implementation of Metorpolis Light Transport scales the final image by b / mutationsPerPixel. The authors write: Each Metropolis ...
• 163
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### Is casting a shadow ray non-symmetric in pbrt?

According to the description in the book, Scene::IntersectP() "checks for the existence of intersections along the [passed] ray". This operatorion should be ...
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### How to decide which child of BVH to visit based on sign of ray's direction vector?

I'm reading about BVH from PBRT. According to the book, in the linear bvh part using morton encoding: An efficient way to perform a front-to-back traversal without incurring the expense of ...
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