Questions tagged [color]

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Animated rainbow distortion wave effect

https://foundation.app/mg/20210227-3lau-makes-history-1790 The link above shows a video animation that has a rainbow wave distortion effect applied to it, that ripples across the video. how, and in ...
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2answers
46 views

What is the name of this moving color pixels effect, for animating a painting?

https://superrare.co/artwork-v2/spring-22267 The artwork in the link seems to be based on a painting of a woman, but effects have been added that assign a pixel to each block of the painting that ...
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4answers
139 views

Question about function for color

I would like a help to understand the following line of code: return float3(pow(color.r, 2.2), pow(color.g, 2.2), pow(color.b, 2.2)); I've seen some places calling ...
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0answers
14 views

Overlaying a specifc color with LinearLight or Multiply -> reverse color maths

We have source images in gray or white color and want to overlay a specific color via imagemagick's composite function. Currently we generate a solid color area and use composite-overlay to overlay ...
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1answer
47 views

Name and influence of style used for futuristic line patterns?

What is the name of the style of the line graphics used in the image below? The line patterns seem to envelope the shape of the woman maybe algorithmically somehow, becoming denser and yellow on the ...
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1answer
47 views

How to determine RGB values given a display spectral response curve?

I am reading Physically Based Rendering section 2.2.2 on RGB color. I am trying to understand how, given a display spectral response curves for rgb intensities, we can choose the intensities so that ...
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2answers
76 views

“whiteness” in center of bright colored lights - what is it called?

When a source of colored light is very bright, it's center appears white. What is the term I need to look for so I can implement this in my shader? I have added an image which is an example of what I ...
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1answer
42 views

Colour Depth in Hardware

I hope this is the correct place to ask this question. It feels to me that I should ask people who have had to program graphics as there’s a lot of confusion about color depth in general. I’m sure a ...
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1answer
42 views

Determining input color space primaries from spectrum data

If I have an output device, for which I have a known spectrum data for each of it's primaries, I should be able to calculate the CIEXYZ of its primaries using using the integral equations together ...
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2answers
33 views

splitting hue & saturating and leaving value behind

In an HSV model, the Hue is the color model. So when we split the image or remove H, should we get an image without rgb colors? Similarly, saturation is the gray shade. I read that images become more ...
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1answer
92 views

Raytracer help - Background color writing over some colors?

I'm implementing Peter Shirley's "Raytracer in a Weekend: The next week" and I'm having some trouble with rendering a scene with a light. I'm not sure if the issue is the background color or ...
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3answers
294 views

Why is there a difference between the CIE XYZ colour gamut vs CIE RGB?

Yet another question about colour space... In my research on CIE XYZ system, I found that it is based on the CIE RGB colour matching experiments, and that because the RGB system needed occasional ...
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2answers
62 views

What is the relation between colour spaces and what is actually displayed on our screens?

I am not entirely sure that this is the right stack exchange, but I couldn't find any other suitable one - please redirect me if necessary. There exists mathematically defined colour spaces which help ...
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0answers
78 views

How could I remove this colour interpolation artefact across a quad?

I've been reading up on a vulkan tutorial online, here: https://vulkan-tutorial.com. This question should apply to any 3D rendering API however. In this lesson https://vulkan-tutorial.com/...
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113 views

Does ffmpeg or NVDEC (nvidia decoder) support YUV444 video input?

I tried feeding an .h264 video with YUV444 color format to ffmpeg in hardware decoding mode on a GTX 1660 and it looks like this color input isn't supported. I get an error in the ...
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46 views

Aligning (matching) colors (white balance, brightness) of two scenes based on reference object

What I am trying to do is to become able to compare with reasonable accuracy two real world fabric/textures (colorwise speaking) at two distinct locations. I can't move them into single place to ...
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0answers
191 views

How to filter a photo to look like a cartoon / anime?

I am interested in reverse engineering a video effect, that is composed of different parts. I'll try to split it into different questions as advised on StackExchange Meta. Part 1: TV-Noise effect ...
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0answers
34 views

How to get “Equal” (saturation, brightness) Red and Green Colours in a Web-based Application?

I am looking for a red and a green hue that are equally discernable against a gray background on any PC monitor, using HTML/CSS-based application. There are many possible solutions to balance these ...
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0answers
49 views

Interpolating HSV color with black

I'm interpolating RGB values by transforming them into HSV space and then back into RGB. I have trouble figuring out how to achieve ...
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0answers
21 views

Alpha part of color class or shape class

I am designing a 2D drawing library (it is its very early stages) and I was wondering what to do with Alpha (transparency). I have two trains of thought: A. Implement Alpha in the Color class ...
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0answers
76 views

What is the CMYK color profile used by pantone.com

Pantone spot colors are specified in the RGB and CMYK color models on the https://pantone.com website. For example, the Pantone 122 spot color as it appears when printed on coated paper is specified ...
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0answers
82 views

Calculating Luminance From Y'CbCr

I have a video feed generating a stream of of Y'CbCr frames (specifically 8-bit component Y'CbCr 4:2:0, luma range of 16-235, chroma range of 16-240) from which I'd like to calculate relative ...
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1answer
625 views

Shader code for putting an atmosphere over a planet

I'm working on a game set in space with procedurally generated planets, and I'm trying to write a shader that puts an atmosphere over a planet given the color of the atmosphere and the strength of the ...
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0answers
90 views

What image formats support indexed color palettes with more than 256 colors?

I've been reading up on images with indexed color, and while most indexed image formats are limited to 256 colors, there are apparently image formats that support larger palettes. According to ...
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1answer
74 views

Mixing HSV Channel

I have a question about the saturation channel. 1.) So far I know, that saturation channel only give intensity to Hue channel, but I do not understand, how saturation channel can be dark and what is ...
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1answer
69 views

map 16-bit integers to RGB colors with monotonic relative luminosity

Red, Green and Blue apparently contribute differently to the luminosity perceived by humans: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relative_luminance I am trying to find an algorithm to map unsigned 16 bit ...
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1answer
93 views

Weird glColor3f results in framebuffer objects

The code is glColor3f(1, 1, 1); gluSphere(gluq, 0.2, 10, 10); glColor3f(1, 0, 0); glTranslatef(1, 0, 0); gluSphere(gluq, 0.2, 10, 10); In short, when I draw ...
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1answer
105 views

Reddish tint with spectral renderer

I'm trying to implement a spectral path tracer and comparing results from my program with renders of the same scene done with pbrt and ...
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0answers
296 views

Sub pixel rendered white text on black background changes color when resized to a very small size

download: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Subpixel-rendering-RGB.png The above picture is an example for sub pixel rendering. I tried resizing the image to very small size in ...
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2answers
292 views

How are colors really mixed?

I'm kind of stuck on this one. When following a conventional, high-level shading tutorial, you'll come across these images that are like ambient + diffuse + specular = result, but I can tell that it's ...
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1answer
208 views

Some questions about working in 0-255 integers instead of single precision floating point colors

I have many objects that store their color values. At the moment I'm storing them as vec4 values, that is four 4-byte values for RGBA, mainly because this is how the shader reads them. I was thinking ...
3
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1answer
120 views

Tiled Image Palettization Algorithm?

In most cases today, image palettization consists of reducing the overall number of colors in an image to some fixed number globally. This is typically solved as a straightforward but computationally ...
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0answers
341 views

Path tracing - Better images without Gamma correction?

So I read about tonemapping and Gamma Correction recently and have implemented it in my path tracer. For the time being I'm using Reinhard tonemapping operator as described in his paper $L_d = L_w *...
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1answer
91 views

Getting contrast color to a given color in RGB or ARGB or HEX

I am looking for a stable way to find a contrast/inverted/opposite color to a given one. Application of this is to find best possible color for foreground to give background.
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1answer
193 views

Computing sRGB color from SPDs

I'm trying to write my own spectral path tracer and a bit stuck with converting computed SPDs to LDR RGB values. What I'm doing right now is convert sampled SPDs (in ...
4
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1answer
116 views

How to shift color values of a single RGB channel

I’m a weaver and textile maker with no prior coding or programming experience. In researching and reading through posts on this and other message boards, I was able to find a lot of useful information,...
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3answers
1k views

How can I draw this style of grid?

I'm trying to write code (in any language) to render this 3D grid, matching the look and colors as closely as possible:
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1answer
39 views

Converting color to equivalent with opacity

Assume a color X with alpha 1 and RGB 255,230,210. How can i find another color with alpha A ( or an array of colors ) that blended with a background of color Y ( e.g 255,255,255 ) would produce the ...
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4answers
4k views

For shader math, why should linear RGB keep the gamut of sRGB?

sRGB is often contrasted with "linear RGB." Images are stored on disk and passed to displays in sRGB, which is approximately perceptually uniform in intensity. Shader math is done in linear RGB, ...
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1answer
62 views

Repeating alpha over/under operation multiple times

I have two RGBA colors in linear [0..1] space, src and dst and I want to alpha blender src ...
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1answer
85 views

Will sRGB color space get replaced by wider gamut [closed]

in future, will sRGB which is a common standard monitor color space nowadays be taken the place by the wider gamut color spaces? since wide gamut monitor keep publishing in the market and may be ...
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1answer
2k views

How do I calculate average hue, since the numbers loop around?

If I calculate the average (mean) hue of a set of colours naively, I will get silly answers sometimes. For example, in HSB/HSL, the average of hue=10 (slightly orange red) and hue=350 (slightly blue ...
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1answer
38 views

How to blend a segment of an image with another image

I want to put a segment of an image to another image. But to make it realistic I applied poisson blending. But the output is not good at all. Output without poisson blending. The kid was cropped ...
3
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2answers
887 views

Calculate the average color of an image

I want to calculate the average color+opacity of an image. First I thought about just averaging all ARGB values component-wise, but this got really dark on images with a lot of transparency. I also ...
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1answer
244 views

Understanding material .mtl files

I am reading this piece of documentation to understand mtl files So far I am stuck trying to understand the difference between ambient, diffuse and specular reflectivity (Ka, Kd, Ks). If I am ...
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2answers
203 views

Why does _ray_ tracing work?

Perspective projection (or at least non-orthogonal) is by far the most common in photo-realistic graphics. When we use perspective projection, the (equally thick) slices of volume visualized by each ...
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1answer
45 views

Determine paint color from a photo

I ran into this problem while trying to find the paint color of the doors in my house: is it in principe possible to automatically determine the paint color from a photo? Different types of colour ...
2
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1answer
575 views

YUV to HSV to RGB issues

As per this resource, there is an easy way to convert from YCbCr to HSV. Saturation is sqrt(Cb^2 + Cr^2). Now here is my issue. If I take pure red (1,0,0), green(0,1,0), and blue(0,0,1) colors, ...
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1answer
109 views

Quick 2-color quantization for small images

So I have a small (8x8 pixel) image in 24-bit color. I want to be able to (quickly) generate a color-quantized version of the image that only has two colors. One naive approach is to cluster a luma ...
3
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1answer
317 views

Can someone explain this formula for parse RGB to HSL?

Im trying to complain the algorithm to calculate the HSL value form a RGB color. I understand the algorithm for the Hue, but im lost with the Lightness and saturation. Someone can explain why? There ...