Questions tagged [brdf]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Microfacet BRDF artifacts

I've been trying to implement a microfacet specular BRDF based on the equations in Real Shading in UE4, but I'm getting weird ring-shaped artifacts in the highlights of rough surfaces: Here's the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Physically realistic received irradiance values given some BRDF?

I am trying to simulate the actual response of a camera given some object that is reflecting light. I've written a ray tracer, and have a BRDF that I need to use, and I have a camera sensitivity in ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Where to find BRDF textures

I've read about measured BDRFs and models like cook-torrance have parameters that need to be set. It isn't hard to imagine that these parameters and the measured properties would vary from point to ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Data fitting SVBRDF with L-M

I am reading two shot svbrdf capture . I want to understand the data fitting. For example, I have my input image 3000x2000 pixels, and I divide it to create my source tiles of 192x192 pixels. The way ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Strange dark spot when lighting in deferred rendering PBR shaders

It's probably something obvious but there seems to be a strange issue with lighting in my pipeline. I'm trying to keep everything in world space at the moment for simplicity but cannot figure out what'...
4
votes
1answer
402 views

Anisotropic GGX BRDF implementation. How is it related to isotropic GGX BRDF?

Introduction I am implementing anisotropic GGX BRDF and have encountered strange behaviour of my implementation. I thought that if I compare the microfacet distribution function I have with the one ...
8
votes
2answers
637 views

Why is the half vector not used in diffuse BRDF Fresnel calculations?

I am currently working with Earl Hammon Jr's Presentation PBR Diffuse Lighting for GGX+Smith Microsurfaces (now mentioned as [PBR, p.XYZ] and have read through (among others) Brent Burley's Physically-...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Microfacet GGX not integrating as expected

I'm trying to complete a look-up table for an energy-conserving variation of microfacet GGX as implemented here: https://patapom.com/blog/BRDF/MSBRDFEnergyCompensation/ I have a (pretty standard) GGX ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Confusion about data types in Jensen's subsurface scattering paper

I am currently trying to implement Jensen's paper on subsurface scattering, but I am getting confused when I am trying to implement it in my pathtracer. I have questions about the data types of ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Can microfacet BRDF (including ggx) represent perfect mirror?

Perfect mirror's brdf is simple, $F\frac{\delta(\omega_i-\omega_r)}{|\cos(\theta_r)|}$ as in http://www.pbr-book.org/3ed-2018/Reflection_Models/Specular_Reflection_and_Transmission.html As shown in ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

total internal reflection implementation in pbrt-v3

I've been implementing a path tracer, referring pbrt-v3. However, I'm a bit confused about its implementation. Code is here. It seems when we sample to do transmission, it tests if it meets a total ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Why need a $h$ parameter in the Geometry Function of a BRDF

Geometry Function in the specular BRDF term is defined as $G(l, v, h)$. Why need a $h$ since $h=\frac{l+v}2$. $f_{spec}(l,v) = \frac{F(h,v)G_2(l,v,h)D(h)}{4|n\cdot l||n\cdot v|}$ from "Real Time ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Questions about BRDF parameterization

Hi I'm trying to get a better understanding of the BRDF modeling. I only implemented naive diffuse(lambert), specular and microfacet BRDF before, but I don't have much experience in mixed BRDFs and ...
5
votes
0answers
136 views

Where do “fireflies” come from?

I'm using a renderer developed by other people, and I found there are fireflies. It is strange that in a completely diffuse scene, there are still fireflies presented. To my understanding, I think it ...
1
vote
0answers
183 views

GGX BRDF is greater than 1?

I am implementing a GGX BRDF, this is the formula I used is from:https://schuttejoe.github.io/post/ggximportancesamplingpart1/ And this is my implementation: ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

How to set equivalent PDFs for cosine-weighted and uniform-sampled hemispheres?

I'm trying to add BRDFs to a very basic path tracer. Starting out, I'd like to convert just the Lambertian material, with two different sampling methods, to ensure that everything is working right. ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

In a physically based BRDF, what vector should be used to compute the Fresnel coefficient?

The well known Schlick approximation of the Fresnel coefficient gives the equation: $F=F_0+(1 - F_0)(1 - cos(\theta))^5$ And $cos(\theta)$ is equal to the dot product of the surface normal vector ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

confused on isotropic BRDF

I am reading a paper and there is a part I don't understand: I am wondering why the isotropic BRDF only depends on the view direction and roughness? Why is the light direction not related?
6
votes
1answer
113 views

“Artist Friendly Metallic Fresnel” reversible?

While implementing the "Artist Friendly Metallic Fresnel" paper by Ole Gulbrandsen (http://jcgt.org/published/0003/04/03/paper.pdf), I read that it is fully reversible: (section 2.3.2): for all r,g ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

Ask for help on understanding a formula related to change of variable

Although I have tried for a long time, I cannot understand Eq.(11) of paper "Microfacet Models for Refraction through Rough Surfaces" written by Bruce Walter, Stephen Marschner, Hongsong Li and ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Ask for detailed derivation of a formula in “Advanced Global Illumination”

Attached is page 34 of "Advanced Global Illumination", 2nd edition, by Dutre et al. I don't understand how (2.22) is derived from (2.21) and the given incident radiance distribution $L(x\leftarrow\Psi)...
1
vote
0answers
182 views

Normal Artifacts On Grazing Angles

I am currently experiencing a very obvious artifact that occurs when looking at objects on very grazing angles Here is a picture of the artifact: I noticed that the issue was coming from my ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Cook-Torrance Specular BRDF Artifact [duplicate]

I am currently experiencing a very obvious artifact that occurs when looking at objects on very grazing angles Here is a picture of the artifact: I noticed that the issue was coming from my ...
2
votes
1answer
239 views

PBR - How to handle multiple BSDFs and material type

So I am in the midst of writing my own path traced renderer and right now I have only implemented the old Blinn-Phong models where we separately calculated the diffuse and specular components of the ...
3
votes
1answer
354 views

BRDF normalization

I don't understand how to normalize the BRDF. the constraint is that for each incoming ray, the exitant ray will be $1$ at most ie integral of hemisphere of $f_r\cdot\cos(\theta)$ where $f_r$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Importance Sampling in Unreal Engine Formula Derivation (Irradiance term)

I am currently trying to understand IBL in Unreal Engine, and there are so much things that I don't understand about the formula. Unreal approximate the specular term of shading equation by doing ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

Refraction: given an incoming and transmitted direction, can I deduce the normal?

It's easy to find guides to calculating the transmitted direction of light given an incoming direction, the normal, and indexes of refraction. However, I can't find anything about determining the ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Radiative Transfer Equation for Photorealistic Rendering

I've recently become interested in photorealistic rendering, and I've been looking at the different rendering philosophies. I read this Disney Research bachelor's thesis, which states both the ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

How to validate whether a reflection model is implemented correctly?

I think this is one of the most important part when you write a physically-based renderer. The solution I came up with is to put a sphere to the scene with a constant background radiance. Solve the ...
3
votes
1answer
459 views

Phong and the Rendering Equation: What's with the cosine?

Ignoring emission and shadowing for simplicity, the rendering equation can be stripped down to: $$L(x, \, \vec \omega) = \int_{\Omega}{f_r(x, \, \vec \omega^\prime, \, \vec \omega) \, (\vec \omega^\...
34
votes
2answers
4k views

How physically-based is the diffuse and specular distinction?

The classical way of shading surfaces in real-time computer graphics is a combination of a (Lambertian) diffuse term and a specular term, most likely Phong or Blinn-Phong. Now with the trend going ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

Blinn Phong rendering

I am trying to render Blinn Phong as a BRDF model on a surface plane. I assume that every normal in every pixel is perpendicular with the plane. I know that to do a rendering we have to use 3d ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between radiance and irradiance in BRDF

Currently I am reading the BRDF section from Real Time Rendering and I am having a hard time to visually understand the definition of this function. BRDF is the ratio between the radiance in outgoing ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

Bug: Overly Sharp Highlights in PBR

I'm still working on my BRDF equations. Theoretically, all equations are correct, but the hilights are super sharp. I'm not sure if this is a result of me not using Image-Based Lighting (I currently ...
4
votes
0answers
274 views

Wrong output while implementing GGX importance sampling

I'm receiving a non-energy conserving output while trying to importance sample the GGX Distributionof the Microfacet model, which is generally 3-4 times bigger than the resulting PDF I'm following ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Predicting reflectance functions from complex surfaces

There are three principal ways to obtain a BRDF. We can Derive an analytic formula using physical principles Use simulation given an assumed or measured model of the surface microgeometry Measure ...
2
votes
1answer
446 views

How can I implement this BSDF?

I am trying to implement a path tracer, but I have some problem. The class Spectrum is color. I implemented a mirror material like this: ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Phong BRDF in Mitsuba, Tungsten and AGI

In the book AGI (Advanced Global Illumination), the Phong BRDF is $f_r(x,\Psi\leftrightarrow\Theta)=k_s\cfrac{(R\cdot\Theta)^n}{N\cdot\Psi}+k_d$ $k_d=\cfrac{albedo}\pi$ In Mitsuba and Tungsten, the ...
4
votes
2answers
263 views

What is a Gaussian Lobe concerning BRDF and NDF?

I was reading a paper about voxel cone tracing and came across this term. So, what is a Gaussian Lobe or a Lobe in general? I am asking in the context of Computer Graphics, BRDF and NDF.
6
votes
1answer
120 views

fix over exposure in importance sampling in screen space reflections

I am having my first encounter with the rendering of indirect reflections in the form of screen space reflections in a game engine, but i am struggling to get correct looking results. (patterns arise ...
3
votes
2answers
301 views

Relationship between roughness and BRDF

In a BRDF $f_r$, assume Cook-Torrance model, we have a microfacets distribution $D$. This distribution essentially models the rougheness of the material as far as I've understood. Given a direction $v$...
5
votes
1answer
678 views

Microfacet shading for diffuse materials

I recently replaced the Lambertian BRDF in my path-tracer with Oren-Nayar, under the assumption that I could adjust it to use the GGX distribution model with appropriate masking/shadowing. PBR ...
1
vote
1answer
370 views

Phong Modified BRDF Implementation

According to: https://www.cs.virginia.edu/~jdl/importance.doc For a specular sample: (page 4 of the document) $$pdf(\theta_{i}) = \frac{n+1}{2\pi} \cos^n(a)$$ And this is how you choose an ...
5
votes
1answer
480 views

Intuitively understanding conservation of energy for the Lambertian BRDF

The Lambertian BRDF is defined as $R / \pi$, where the division by $\pi$ is there to maintain conservation of energy. The derivation is provided here. The maths makes sense, and I can understand ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

Where does the cosine factor comes from in the GGX PDF?

The GGX NDF, as it appears on the paper where it is presented is: $$D(m)=\frac{\alpha_g^2\space\chi^+(m\cdot n)}{\pi\cos^4(\theta_m)(\alpha_g^2+\tan^2(\theta_m))^2}$$ It is equivalent, in the range $...
33
votes
2answers
5k views

What is Importance Sampling?

What is importance sampling? Every article I read about it mentions 'PDF' what is that as well? From what I gather, importance sampling is a technique to only sample areas on a hemisphere that matter ...
11
votes
1answer
555 views

Compensation for energy loss in single-scattering microfacet BSDF models

Single-scattering microfacet-based surface models like the original Torrance-Sparrow BRDF or derived models like the BSDF for rough dielectric surfaces by Walter et al. neglect inter-reflection of ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

Roughness Remapping

I have been recently exploring physically-based rendering (PBR), but there is one part that still confuses me. I don't quite get roughness remapping, as described in the PBR section on Learn OpenGL. ...
6
votes
0answers
1k views

Diffuse BRDF component of the Disney BRDF

In the SIGGRAPH course: BURLEY B.: Physically Based Shading at Disney, SIGGRAPH 2012 Course: Practical Physically Based Shading in Film and Game Production, 2012. it is mentioned that some BRDF ...
2
votes
0answers
270 views

How to simulate specular reflection in Light Tracing?

I am implementing light tracing from this website. The right wall on the below image is perfect mirror(specular reflection). Its BRDF returns zero that's why it's been rendered black. But how is it ...