# Questions tagged [3d]

Questions and problems dealing with three-dimensional space, including 3D meshes and other data structures, vector math, transformations, etc.

309 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
535 views

### Rendering 3-D point clouds obtained from depth maps as a 2.5D video

Suppose I have code to generate a bunch of frames, each of which is a depth map(I have access to the matrices which represent depth) which in turn is used to generate a point cloud. One frame would ...
501 views

### Why do animated CG characters always feel fake?

Why do animated CG characters always feel fake? Usually if a CG character is an animal (or humanoid creature), they tend too look kinda off. Their movement tends to look oddly smooth or lightweight, ...
• 129
629 views

### transformation from cartesian coordinates to spherical coordinates without calculations

Given this graph in the 3d cartesian coordinates i should figure out the spherical coordinates representation but without the use of calculations . I've been trying to solve this the whole day but i ...
• 1
40 views

### Can you generate your own HDRI maps without using photos?

For example, preparing a scene in Maya using standard lights and rendering out a panorama? Could they also be made from scratch in photoshop using 32bit color? Is there a reason why people don’t ...
• 103
89 views

### Intersecting Frusta

I am trying to determine whether two frusta intersect in 3D space and to quantify this intersection as a percentage of one frustum volume (eg. 100% intersection meaning that the two frusta occupy the ...
• 121
254 views

### If you can use subdivision surfaces for 2D curves

I've seen how subdivision surfaces are good for 3D curves/modeling, but haven't seen anything on if it's good, or even usable, in 2D. My question is just that, if (a) you can even use subdivision ...
• 123
524 views

### Problems with Subdivision Surfaces

It sounds like Subdivision Surfaces are better than NURBS but not as good as T-splines. I would like to know some of the disadvantages of Subdivision Surfaces, what they can't do or what they do ...
• 123
1 vote
56 views

### Convex hull around polygon for cave mapping

For the purpose of mapping caves, we survey new passages so that we take main polygon (survey from point A to point B) and on each "node" (survey station A in example), we shoot multiple "splay shots" ...
• 111
1 vote
2k views

### How to get the 3D position for the point with (0,0) UV coordinates?

I have a 3D triangular mesh(vertices, indices, uv coords) that I'm rendering to the screen. Let's assume that the UV mapping is one-to-one. I'm trying to find a way to find the 3D position of the ...
137 views

### Export Model Textures Per Face

(Note that as far as attempts go, I can't find anything that helps me) I have a 3D polygon, and for simplicity's sake it's going to be the one below: It is textured using the UV map below: Side ...
• 21
2k views

### 3ds max: Z-fighting when working with Large Objects

I had a z-fighting/z-clipping issue with a scene containing some very large objects yesterday in 3ds max. It can be seen in the image below: For some reason downscaling the scene significantly (a ...
769 views

### Rendering Fluid Simulations?

I've read about Lagrangian and Eulerian fluid simulations and here's what I take from their methods: Lagrangian - Simulating fluid particles by calculating displacement for each particle Eulerian - ...
1 vote
236 views

### Overlaying a grid on to a height map

What is the method used in overlaying a grid (agonostic of the grid type) on to a height map? It seems it's some sort of projection, but what are the technical details in how to implement it? An ...
• 143
1 vote
3k views

### How can I draw this style of grid?

I'm trying to write code (in any language) to render this 3D grid, matching the look and colors as closely as possible:
• 113
178 views

### 3D scene construction and change of coordinates

My book says: After a scene has been constructed we transfer object descriptions to the viewing-coordinate reference frame. This conversion of object descriptions is equivalent to a sequence of ...
• 125
292 views

### What is the equivalent of rotation matrix in Euler angle space for Quaternions?

I have to load a mesh in Blender (which uses Z and Y as up and forward axes), modify it and export it (with setting up and ...
• 241
114 views

### How to rotate a shape in another 3D software so that the rotation matches with the rotation in Blender?

I import a mesh in Blender, export it with setting axis_forward='-Z', axis_up='Y', import in NVIDIA's FleX, rotate it and store it on disk; I call this mesh ...
• 241
235 views

### How to compute A and B in projection matrix

I'm trying to compute a projection matrix to transform from view space to NDC with a near clip plane at -1 and far plane at +1. The general form of this matrix (disregarding aspect ratio and focal ...
• 480
244 views

### qt - view geomview (.off ) file

I want to open a .off file and view the content 3d model using libQGLViewer, qt-creator. I don't know how to display the 3d model after opening its .off file. ...
• 109
13k views

### How to convert Euler angles to Quaternions and get the same Euler angles back from Quaternions?

I am rotating n 3D shape using Euler angles in the order of XYZ meaning that the object is first rotated along the X axis, then Y...
• 241
394 views

### How to randomly draw Quaternions within a specific range of Euler angles for rotation?

I am pretty new to Quaternions so please bear with me. I want to draw random Quaternion samples so that their Euler angle equivalent would range within [-30, +30] ...
• 241
83 views

### How are the three plane equations derived in the NVIDIA's CG Tutorial chapter 8?

I'm reading the chapter 8 of the Cg tutorial and I could not understand 8.4.1 : Because all these coordinates lie in the plane of the same triangle, it is possible to derive plane equations for x, y, ...
• 167
232 views

### Relatively new to OpenGL, need guidance/tips on an assignment with interactive user input

I'm currently taking a Computer Graphics class at university, and have been given an assignment which involves loading an obj file and manipulating it with keyboard and mouse controls (eg. arrow keys ...
1 vote
100 views

### How to raytrace triangular faces when camera is not at origin?

I've watched the Pixar In A Box, Maths of Rendering Tutorial on Khan Academy. I've started writing a raytracing program and have come to the point where I must solve for ...
152 views

### Z-buffering implementation with small triangles

For research purpose, I have to implement z-buffering algorithm to render 3D face models. But I got a problem that the triangles are too small to be rendered (i.e. there is no pixel covered completely ...
4k views

### Generate mesh from pointcloud data

Given point-cloud data : For example. position + color and normal. What will you use to generate mesh of this data and keep reasonable quality for real time cases ? Additional info to consider: ...
82 views

### Infinitely long 3D model

Let's say that I want to render something like Dimmadome's hat, a hat which has the height of infinity. A quick answer to this would be to place the top side of the hat high enough for the crown(...
456 views

### Light field rendering for 3d software?

Is there any 3d software that supports rendering an artificial scene to a light field image? With that I mean an image capturing light from more than one point in a scene, more lika a spherical ...
• 123
85 views

### Possible approach for product mockup creation including distortion created through perspective

I am not an expert in 3D nor computer graphics. Please forgive me if I use wrong wording. High level problem description: For an online shop, I would like to create mockup images of apparel (t-shirts,...
• 131
744 views

### Merge multiple Point Clouds into a single 3D object [closed]

I am testing the Intel RealSense D435 camera and have been able to create multiple Point Clouds (.ply) of a certain object. Each Point Cloud is taken in a different viewing angle of the object. Now I ...
1 vote
108 views

### If a 3D scene is rendered onto a hemispherical display, will there still be warping near the edges?

When a 3D scene is rendered to a 2D display, the image is distorted near the edges of the display. If a 3D scene is rendered onto a hemispherical display, will there still be warping?
75 views

### Why my cosine interpolation of a cube's face doesn't work?

NB please : executable use cases are available at the end of this question. I begin this question by showing you the problems of my program, then I explain how the latter works, and finally I end up ...
898 views

### How do graphic engine developers debug their 3D graphics code?

I'm currently trying to create an amateur game engine, and I often run into very basic bugs (eg I change the node hierarchy code and suddenly nothing is displayed). Some of the methods I will use ...
53 views

### How to display edges in a 3D file on Facebook

I'm trying to show a 3D model on Facebook and display its edges and lines. I found that I could export a 3D model from Sketchup using glTF Export plugin to a glb file that I can drag and drop in a ...
• 121
104 views

### Which techniques do I need to animate a 3D model in my homemade engine

Suppose I am making my own C++ 3D engine; I can already load a 3D model using assimp, display it with phong lighting, and I now want to animate it. I'd like features in my engine to, say, load a run ...
335 views

### How to compute volume of intersection of non-axis-aligned cuboids in 3D?

Given two cuboids in 3D space (8 vertex coordinates each) that are arbitrarily oriented, how can we find the volume of overlap between them in the fastest manner?
• 101
151 views

### how to draw mesh equal distance from irregular shape geometry bounding box

I am given an irregular geometry shape with its vertices, bounding box information. How to draw a smooth mesh equal distance from that irregular geometry shape's bounding box? Please refer to the ...
• 181
279 views

### How to remove internal geometry programmatically in all meshes in .OBJ file?

I have an .OBJ 3D model with many complex meshes shape. The meshes are complex because each of them have multiple internal mesh located in it. Meshes with internal geometry is defined as a mesh, ...
• 181
992 views

### How to rotate a camera?

So I am doing a simple FPS camera with openGL. I store the camera as 4 vector, a position vector, a lookAt vector, an up vector and a right vector. When the user presses a key, I create a rotation ...
1 vote
100 views

### Efficient operations on polyhedra

I currently perform several operations on polyhedra with cgal. These operations include Union of two or more polyhedra Difference of two or more polyhedra Intersection of two or more polyhedra ...
• 21
837 views

### How to interpolate vertex normals for Phong lighting when barycentric coordinates are negative?

I'm interpolating normals for Phong lighting models. Since I am calculating in the light of each pixel, I'm doing the interpolating after the viewport transform has been applied. So I save a version ...
1 vote
2k views

### How to calculate the view vector in Phong Lighting Model?

All the books and reference I have read say that the view vector is calculated by subtracting the point where eye is at, from the point where we want to calculate light. But since, eye is at (0, 0, 0) ...
1 vote
99 views

### Do normals in obj files have to be changed into eye coordinate before being used?

Obj files give pre-calculated normals which are in model coordinates. So I wonder if they have to be transformed into eye coordinate (where I use them to calculate lighting)? I'm thinking yes because ...
561 views

### How did the hard, accurate shadows, work in early 3d (2000 - 2004) games?

I've been hunting around the internet for a while now, and I can't find anything about the specific shadow technique that I'm looking for. I can only recall one game in particular that used it, and I ...
247 views

### How to do clipping in camera space?

I don't even know where to start. So far, the only progress I have gotten is checking the z value of each vertex of each triangle. If all three vertices' z values > absolute value of far or < ...
1 vote
280 views

### Is there something wrong with a column camera matrix?

I am writing a simple ray tracer. I was working on my camera matrix when I encountered a problem. When I changed the look vector, so that it headed down, the image, which was supposed to go up, ...
1 vote
2k views

### What is the use of homogenous divide?

This question perhaps has been asked and answered a thousand times, and yet I haven't found any that satisfy me. The reasons are often these: 1/ You need a 4 dimensional vector to work with 4x4 ...
15k views

### How to derive a perspective projection matrix from its components?

This has been haunting me for several days now. I want to find the component that makes up of this 4x4 perspective projection matrix, with $l$(left), $r$(right), $b$(bottom), $t$(top), $n$(near), $f$(...
1 vote
90 views

### How to automatically project texture from high poly mesh to low poly mesh?

I have two aligned meshes: I have exact mapping from each vertex of low poly mesh to surface of a high poly mesh. High poly (~100K vertices) mesh is non-manifold, low poly (~1K vertices) is manifold ...
• 161