Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [3d]

Questions and problems dealing with three-dimensional space, including 3D meshes and other data structures, vector math, transformations, etc.

2
votes
0answers
56 views

Triangle-based and vertex-based skinning models?

I'm reading the Loper et al. 2015 paper on the Skinned Multi-Person Linear Model and I came across this: What we would like is a vertex-based model that has the expressive power of the triangle ...
5
votes
1answer
241 views

why is translating in 3D space the same as shearing in 4D space?

I was reading "3D Math Primer for Computer Graphics and Game Development" and there was something the author had said that I thought was particularly interesting, he stated It is important to ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

How does anti-aliasing work, in general, for raytracing? [duplicate]

I am working on a raytracing Java program for fun. Here's one rendering: As you can see I still have to implement anti-aliasing (and there are huge geometry problems I won't get in to). How would ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

How do I replace a mesh's texture with vertex colours?

I have a textured 3D mesh. I want to deduce a 3D mesh without texture, but with an RGB vector color on each node of this 3D mesh. The colors have to be picked from the initial texture. Is there a way ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

Composition of an .obj file

Using an iPhone X, I can get a mesh of the face (using ARFaceGeometry), which I can output as an .obj file using ...
1
vote
2answers
169 views

Does this 3D rendering method exist? How is it called? Is there any C++ algorithm for it?

I've been thinking about making my own 3D rendering engine in C++, but I don't know much about math that's required to do it. I'm not even sure if it's possible or if it even exists or how it's called....
3
votes
1answer
385 views

How can I use 3d animation to create a character that uses sign language?

I performed a quick search on programs that translate natural language to sign language (through a 3D animation character). Here are examples: IBM SISI ProDeaf (which is an android app) My question ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Was Evans & Sutherland CT5 really created in 1981?

A few days ago I found a video on Twitter showing the Evans & Sutherland CT5 Flight Simulator system. It was labeled as 1981 footage and looked really amazing. The first time I saw similar 3D ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Stereoscopic 3D app development

I want to create an application to visualize image pairs in stereoscopic 3D. I want it to have a cursor that can move left and right, but also in and out. I think the way to achieve this is to draw a ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do I need to inverse the orientation matrix of a camera to be able to translate it in the direction it is facing?

I've been going over some OpenGL learning resources and one of them is this article: Modern OpenGL 04 - Cameras, Vectors & Input in which the author presents an approach to building a ...
-1
votes
2answers
141 views

The distance from the cube sides to the parallel projection plane

I have asked this question on ru.stackoverflow.com and have no valid answers. Specification: Coordinate system Cube spins around its center on all three axes. Turn angle is not known previously. ...
3
votes
2answers
747 views

Inverse-Transpose of Vertex Normals

For the past month, I have been learning on my own and writing a little graphics library and am currently working on the transformation of vertex normals to soon support lighting/shading. I understand ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Why are quads used in filmmaking and triangle in gaming?

In film school, in the classes of 3D modeling, I was told that when we model something for films we maintain topology of 4 edged polygons. Any polygon which has more or less than 4 edge/vertex is ...
4
votes
3answers
592 views

Point of view and rotation

Two questions which cross over maths/3D imaging/computer science. I'm trying to describe a point of view of an item in a 3d space and subsequently its rotation in a paper I'm writing. Versions I've ...
2
votes
0answers
177 views

Rendering of large STL files

I am in the process of creating some software in Java for generating 3D gear geometry and saving it as an STL file. I am looking at a means of drawing the geometry so that the user can view the ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Algorithm for clipping convex quadrilaterals

I'm dealing with hardware that uses quads as its polygonal primitive. Not triangles. A triangle can be expressed by setting 2 of the 4 vertices equal to each other for a degenerate quad. For the 3D ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

How to correct point cloud distortion

I am using Unreal Engine to export custom render passes for the scene depth in world units. Every pixel in the render pass has a value which is the distance from the camera to that pixel in standard ...
1
vote
2answers
257 views

How to use multithreading in 3D software renderer to speed up fetching texture values

The biggest bottleneck of my code is fetching texture RGB values from memory. My code looks something like this: ...
1
vote
0answers
170 views

Applying 3d transformation to cuboid

I have the 8 vertices of a cuboid (red points)(XYZvox) with known distance in millimetres (vox to mm) between each vertex which I transform in 3d space using the 4d transformation matrix (M). I am ...
1
vote
0answers
466 views

Convert prc-file (3D PDF) to 2D file format

I have a question regarding 3D PDF files. I have a 3D vector graphics image which is saved as a Product Representation Compact (PRC) file. The PRC file is embedded in a PDF file. I can view and ...
2
votes
2answers
553 views

Extract visible vertices from a 3D geometry model

Let's assume we have a 3D model consisted of XYZ-formatted vertices (such as point cloud model). My problem is given the position and normal of camera or camera ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

3D sphere mesh with a predefined number of vertices and a given adjacency matrix of vertices

I need a 3D triangular sphere mesh with uniformly sampled vertices, say $V$, with a predefined adjacency. Is there a specific way to achieve that?
6
votes
1answer
113 views

3D projection that increases objects' size as they become more distant

tl;dr Is there a name for a type of (non-physical) projection that causes objects to become larger the farther they are from a camera? With a fisheye projection, an object twice as far from the ...
5
votes
1answer
348 views

Rotation matrix for a 3D object in space

This is the follow-up question from here: Minimum requirements to uniquely represent a 3D object in space Assume I have 3 original points in a 3D object (in 3D space) as ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Minimum requirements to uniquely represent a 3D object in space

Let's assume we have a 3D object (in 3D space). We get a single representation vertex from this whole 3D object. Given the fact that the object can be moved and rotated in the space in any direction, ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Interpolation of orientations

I have a problem of linear interpolation of CRV (Conformal Rotation Vector) in which CRVs are used to parameterize the orientations. In my knowledge, in order to derive a linear interpolation of ...
5
votes
2answers
203 views

What is missing in this image that stops it from looking like a photograph?

Look at this image: This is CG, Saya, a project meant to make as real CG as possible to the point of becoming indistinguishable from reality. I would say that it is pretty believable. But, it still ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Best way to group 3d points into planes, if any

If I have some 3d points, how can I discover parallel planes within them (not just arbitrary planes). I want to know how many "levels" or "floors" something can travel within, after it has done so, ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

How does the Waves class in the book Introduction to 3D Game Programming with DirecX11 work?

I'm confused by the Waves class implementation in the source code of the book Introduction to 3D Game Programming with DirecX11: ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to build a 3d model from 2d pictures

I have a series of MRI images. I want to build a 3D model out of it, which not only presents the surface, but also contains the inside structures. What kind of photogrammetry based method can realize ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Advice on synthetic data generation using 3D mesh

I'm developing a deep learning algorithm to find and classify (post consumption) plastic bottles on a conveyor belt. A way to train my model is to get tons of labeled images of each bottle, which for ...
1
vote
1answer
251 views

Final transformation matrix to transform world coordinate into vrc [duplicate]

For a 3D scene in the world coordinates, its View Reference Point $\mathrm{VRP}$ is at $(5,2,1)$, and a viewer is looking towards point $A=(1,1,1)$. Construct a transform matrix which will map world ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

How do I implement object picking, using OBB in OpenGL?

I am trying to make 3D drawing software. I wanted to have the drag feature so I am using object picking using the OBB algorithm. I am facing problems in understanding the algorithm, and my ...
1
vote
0answers
231 views

Tilting a 3d object to face a camera and have it look like it's spinning on the y axis

I have a scene kit app I'm working on and at a certain point I move the camera under a list of objects and tilt it up to give a star wars type view of them. I then need to pull the objects up one at a ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

What metrics are used for deciding if a 3D object is visible?

I'm wondering what metrics I could use to decide upon the visibility of a 3D object in VR or other 3D applications and what advantages each has.
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Which 3D object properties should be affected by distance?

Which 3D object properties should be affected by distance in VR and other 3D applications and how important is it that they are changed? For example the level of detail, colour (?)...
1
vote
1answer
266 views

Beginner CG Research Project [closed]

This summer I will be working with a professor on a research topic of my choice, in the field of graphics & simulation. While my professor is knowledgeable in the area he is being very hands off ...
2
votes
1answer
595 views

Building view transform matrices

For a 3D scene in the world coordinates, its View Reference Point $\mathrm{VRP}$ is at $(5,-2,1)$, and a viewer is looking towards point $A=(1,1,1)$. Construct a transform matrix which will map world ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Correcting my “look-at” matrix so that it works on non-camera objects?

I'm familiar with the "look-at" matrix and the goal of being able to rotate a Camera at a specific location towards a specified target. When I tell the ...
4
votes
1answer
577 views

Bevel/Chamfer algorithm for arbitrary 3D mesh

I can't find any paper about a bevel/chamfer algorithm for 3D mesh. Bevel has a lot of special cases (corners, different bevel profile, bevel larger than a face). I am looking for robustness. Do you ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

How to output a 32 floating value in a render buffer with fragment shader

I would like to downsample my depth buffer and my normals. For that, I take in input of my shader, the corresponding textures (depth, normal), and I write my new values in a multi render target. I ...
8
votes
2answers
645 views

How to translate mouse movement to a rotation gizmo?

I need to implement translation, scaling and rotation gizmos and I'm having trouble with the rotation gizmo. Basically I don't know how to translate the mouse movement to determine in which direction ...
4
votes
1answer
419 views

How to properly direct light sample GGX in path tracing

I have been trying to implement the GGX shader in my path tracer based on this paper: Microfacet Models for Refraction through Rough Surfaces It's pretty clear how the importance sampling works, but I ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

Mix shader looks wrong on my path tracer

I apologize if my methods seem way off because this is my first time trying to build a path tracer and I'm struggling quite a bit. Currently, I am trying to mimic the "mix shader" node in Blender 3D ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

How does a rigged model work?

What black magic is behind this? Starting from a pile of polygons, a skeleton, and an initial conformation, how is a new conformation turned into a new pile of polygons?
5
votes
2answers
849 views

Is there a way to draw spherical objects without triangles?

It seems that in all existing graphics libraries, 3D objects are always described in terms of triangles. Drawing triangles can be implemented very efficiently on video hardware and since any 3D object ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How to achieve gimbal lock with Euler angles?

I was studying about Euler angles and I came across the problem gimbal lock which can occur by using Euler angles. In gimbal lock we lose one axis of rotation. But how? And when does it happen? On ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Improved Laplacian smoothing of noisy surface meshes

I have a question regarding Laplacian Smoothing of meshes and in particular the paper "Improved Laplacian smoothing of noisy surface meshes" by J. Vollmer in the early 2000's. What is the reason for ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Aligning similar surface meshes consistently

When I have a plaster cast of a mandibula and rest it upside down on a table, in most cases it will be in a stable position. In real life, I do not have a plaster cast, but a 3D scan, i.e. a surface ...
5
votes
1answer
496 views

Normal 2D photo to VR-compatible spherical photo

How to turn a normal photo like this one : into a photo that I can use in my game development platform (Unity3D). I just wrap a 3d sphere model with the photo and then it can be all around me when I ...