Given an input signal(ex. sine) how can one go about plotting an image like below ones(the stripped black and white image)?
The images are from these slides on image processing.
Or this one:
If you're using Python, you can use a library such as matplotlib for this. It can take a numpy array and plot it as a standard chart using the function
plot or as an image using
imshow. The resulting image/plot can be displayed in an interactive window, or saved to a file, or it shows inline in your Jupyter notebook if you're using that.
There are other (better?) Python chart plotting libraries but the functionality is basic and IMO matplotlib is easier to get started with (perhaps just because it's older and more established).
You can also do this using OpenCV, if your input is an OpenCV image. Its plotting functions are named similarly to the matplotlib ones. OpenCV is available in Python, C++, and a handful of other languages.