I've been following TheCherno's OpenGL tutorials and I got to the point where I could render a square by using an index buffer. Now I wanted to vary the color of the square by using $$\frac{\sin(t) + 1}{2}$$ as my normalized time-varying function to be used in each of the RGB entries in color. I thought I might proceed as follows: this is my fragment shader.

#shader fragment
#version 330 core
layout(location = 0) out vec4 color;
uniform float time;

float time_Color(float t) {
    return (sin(t) + 1) / 2;

void main()
    color = vec4(time_Color(time), time_Color(time - 0.2), time_Color(time - 0.4), 1.0f);

in my main loop in main.cpp, I have:

int location = glGetUniformLocation(theProgram, "time");

//Main loop
while (!glfwWindowShouldClose(mainWindow)) {
    glClearColor(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);

    glUniform1f(location, static_cast<float>(glfwGetTime()));
    glDrawElements(GL_TRIANGLES, 6, GL_UNSIGNED_INT, nullptr);



When I run this program, I do see a color-varying square but the change in color becomes slower and slower as the program continues. Initially the change is gradual but then sometime after like 7 secs, I start to get abrupt changes in color that only get updated after a long time. I suspect this is to do with the sin computation in the GPU but I don't actually know since I'm just beginning out. So why is this code working so slowly/inefficiently the longer the program executes?

  • $\begingroup$ it's not the sin function and I see nothing else in the fragment shader that would cause a problem. This issue probably has something to do with glfw my guess would be the wait events function but I don't use glfw so that is just a guess. I wrote a shader toy here that shows it shadertoy.com/view/cl3cDf $\endgroup$
    – pmw1234
    Commented Nov 11, 2023 at 17:30
  • $\begingroup$ Ok yeah, changing glfwWaitEvents() to glfwPollEvents() made the color change smooth. Thanks. $\endgroup$
    – Doobius
    Commented Nov 11, 2023 at 19:21


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